I'm trying to spawn an SSH from my bash profile script that runs in the background for connection sharing (via its control socket). The problem I'm running into is a reliable way to ensure the SSH doesn't stay running once the TTY is closed (or more directly; once the parent bash shell has exited).

I know the shell can run commands (to terminate SSH) when it exits gracefully, but I'm trying to handle all possible scenarios where the shell doesn't get a chance to shut things down.

Is there a clever way I can do this?

The best idea I've had is

ssh -o PermitLocalCommand=yes -o LocalCommand='cat >/dev/null; kill $PPID' $HOST &

But this won't work because I need the command to only background once it has successfully started. Alternatively, I can't use -fN instead of the shell's & because the SSH -f only backgrounds after the LocalCommand has completed.

Also I'm trying to avoid running any command on the remote host. Otherwise I could probably do something like ssh -fN $HOST 'cat >/dev/null'


If your shell is a login shell you can stop SSH master connection from ~/.bash_logout file:

ssh -O exit hostname

If the shell isn't a login shell you can set a trap in your ~/.bashrc file just after spawning SSH:

ssh -fN hostname
trap 'ssh -O exit hostname' EXIT
  • This works if the shell exits gracefully, I'm trying to cover a scenario where the shell doesnt exit gracefully. – phemmer Mar 12 '12 at 21:37

I hate it when I answer my own question.

The solution I came up with is to use ControlPersist=3600 when starting the master ssh process. This way if the shell doesnt exit gracefully and kill ssh, then it'll shut itself down after an hour of inactivity. Though I still use a trap on exit to shut ssh down cleanly.

ssh -o ControlMaster=yes -o ControlPersist=3600 -o ControlPath=/tmp/ssh-%u-%h-%p-%r -Nf $HOST
trap "ssh -o ControlPath=/tmp/ssh-%u-%h-%p-%r $HOST -O exit" exit
  • Cool recipe. Thanks for answering your own question. – 0xC0000022L Jun 1 '14 at 1:26

Keep SSH Sessions running after disconnection

I don't know if this is what you are looking for but it helped me keep my program running after exiting the ssh shell.

  • 2
    No, not at all what I'm trying to do. – phemmer Mar 12 '12 at 16:18
  • I dont think that it will work. – Nainita Jun 23 '15 at 2:55

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