For testing purposes I need to create a shell script that connects with a remote IP>Port and sends a simple text TCPIP Socket message.


Using nc (netcat).


$ nc -l localhost 3000


$ nc localhost 3000

Both server and client will read and write to standard output/input.

This will work when both server and client is on the same machine. Otherwise change localhost to the external name of the server.

Slightly more interesting:

Server (in Bash):


coproc netcat -l localhost 3000

while read -r cmd; do
  case "$cmd" in
    d) date ;;
    q) kill "$COPROC_PID"
       exit ;;
    *) echo "What?" ;;
done <&${COPROC[0]} >&${COPROC[1]}

Client session:

$ nc localhost 3000
Thu Jan 12 18:04:21 CET 2017

(the server exits after q, but the client hangs around, so I pressed Ctrl+c).

  • 1
    If the server returns a result when client finishes sending data, the ctrl+c won't show the result. If using echo, e.g. echo "cookie" | nc localhost 9090, the client's output stream will be closed (eof sent) but the client will still wait for the server's result. – AlikElzin-kilaka Jul 17 '18 at 10:38

In general advice with netcat is better way.

But in bash and ksh you can also do this:

exec 3<>/dev/tcp/hostname/port
echo "request" 1>&3
response="$(cat <&3)"
  • what is 1>&3 ? I am not sure what that represents – Alexander Mills Apr 20 '18 at 21:54
  • in other words, why not just echo "request" >&3, I guess the 1 is just redundant – Alexander Mills Apr 20 '18 at 21:55

try netcat (e.g. nc )

echo GET / HTTP/1.0 | nc 0 80
HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Date: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 13:44:23 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
Content-Length: 311
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1
  • in sample above I send a GET (echo GET / HTTP/1.0 ) to my local http server
  • If you don't want complex protocol, this might do the job.

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