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I'm trying to write a script (or a one-liner) that finds all image files with small dimensions and then moves them into a directory. Based on this answer from Ask Ubuntu, I was able to generate a list of files with both dimensions lower than 500, and then I was able to find all common images files as well as .jpg.

find -E . -regex ".*\.(jpg|gif|png|jpeg)" -type f -exec identify -format '%w %h %i\n' '{}' \; | awk '$1<500 && $2<500' | awk '{print $3}'

The second awk is so that it only prints the file name, which I was hoping to use in the input to mv. How can I get that output into mv?


Sample output of the first awk is:

123 456 ./smallimage.jpg
333 333 ./square.png

The second awk just gives out

./smallimage.jpg
./square.png

However, I can't seem to find a way to get this list of filenames as the input for an mv command, as the desired resulting final command is some form of mv <file list> ./small_images/

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Incorporate mv into awk using the system() function:

awk '$1<500 && $2<500 {system("mv "$3" /destination")}

Change the mv command to meet your need, here i have used:

mv /file_(third_field)_from_awk /destination

Also you don't need multiple awks, only one would suffice as shown above.

  • That's good, but please consider that some filenames could contain spaces, which can break the system() call. – Sergiy Kolodyazhnyy Jan 10 '17 at 6:09
  • That worked! Thanks for the fast answer; turning $3 into substr($3,3) (and testing by turning system to print) gave almost exactly the result I wanted. The only other thing I'd want to do is make the regex ignore subdirectories and case-insensitive to the file extension. – cjm Jan 10 '17 at 6:11
  • My final one-liner ended up as find -E . -iregex ".*\.(jpg|gif|png|jpeg|bmp)" -type f -exec identify -format '%w %h %i\n' '{}' \; | awk '$1<500 && $2<500 {system("mv "substr($3,3)" small_images/"substr($3,3)"")}'. You could add more image formats if you really wanted to, but I'm pretty sure I don't have any tga or tiff files that I'm interested in. – cjm Jan 15 '17 at 2:44
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With the assumption that you are not having filenames with embedded newlines, you can use the GNU mv and xargs programs to do this.

 ... | awk ... | xargs -d'\n' mv -t ./small_images

xargs collects the filenames from the input and appends them onto the mv -t ./small_images command, splitting very long commands as needed. You need a version of mv that has the -t option to specify the destination directory at the start of the command, or else write a tiny script to handle it.

  • How would that handle files in subdirectories or those already moved? – cjm Jan 10 '17 at 12:24

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