6

Please help me to distinguish pts from gui mode generated from tty.

booting to multi-user.target

I did this:

  1. sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target
  2. reboot
  3. login with regular user debian8
  4. ctrlaltf2 and login with regular user debian8 too.
  5. run startx to switch into gui
  6. run tty and who, which said:
    $ tty
    /dev/pts/0
    $ who
    debian8  tty1         2017-01-09 20:22
    debian8  tty2         2017-01-09 20:23

Why is the output of who not this instead?

who
debian8  tty1         2017-01-09 20:22
debian8  :0         2017-01-09 20:23

I have run startx to enter into gui mode, and tty said pts/0. So why does who output tty2 not :0?

My confusion after the explanation by Kusalananda

enter image description here

When tty is run, we get /dev/pts/0. But look at the above. In the TTY column of the output of w the row for startx says tty2. Why6 is not :0?

What is the difference between /dev/pts/0 and tty ?

The tty2 output when I start X with xinit /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc -- /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc :0 vt2 -auth /tmp/serverauth.451rqHm1NC — is it a pts or not? It outputs

$ tty
/dev/pts/0

This says that the tty here is a pts, I think.

booting to graphical.target

I did this:

  1. sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target
  2. reboot
  3. login with regular user debian8
  4. run tty, yielding
    $ tty
    /dev/pts/0
  5. ctrlaltf2 and login with regular user debian8 too.
  6. run tty, yielding
    $ tty
    /dev/pts/1
  7. run w

enter image description here

There are two guis. They can be switched between with ctrlaltf1 and ctrlaltf2.

Running the command tty, both terminals say /dev/pts/0 or /dev/pts/1. But look at the output of w above. Why does the terminal column for /usr/bin/lxsession -s LXDE -e LXDE say :0? And why does the terminal column for xinit /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc -- /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc :1 vt2 -auth /tmp/serverauth.k7JPJJEAHJ say tty2?

What is the difference between pts and tty and :0?

  • Well, you didn't login on :0, right? – Kusalananda Jan 9 '17 at 13:15
  • yes not directly login on :0. . – it_is_a_literature Jan 9 '17 at 13:21
  • reboot into text mode ,then switch to tty2 ,and input to startx ,to enter gui mode – it_is_a_literature Jan 9 '17 at 13:21
  • 3
    Can you rewrite the question, using sentences? – ctrl-alt-delor Jan 9 '17 at 14:16
7

The who utility by default displays information relating to the login. If you logged in an tty2, then who will say so.

Use the w command to show information about the users currently logged into the machine and on what terminal they are doing what on.

Update: "What is the exact difference between a 'terminal', a 'shell', a 'tty' and a 'console'?" describes some differences between a TTY and a PTY. :0 is the particular host display that you are connected to.

  • What is the difference between pts and tty and :0? – it_is_a_literature Jan 11 '17 at 1:16
  • @it_is_a_literature I updated my answer. – Kusalananda Jan 11 '17 at 7:45
5

What is the difference between pts and tty and :0?

  • pts = "pseudo terminal slave": login device when connecting through the network or a console (e.g. ssh).

  • tty = "teletype": serial or console connections (text mode)

  • :0 = "local:display #0": X11 server, used for graphical login (e.g. gdm)

3

Do as booting to graphical.target way.

ps -el |grep -v ?
F S   UID   PID  PPID  C PRI  NI ADDR SZ WCHAN  TTY          TIME CMD
4 S     0   683     1  0  80   0 -  4867 -      tty1     00:00:00 agetty
4 S     0   901   686  1  80   0 - 63109 -      tty7     00:00:10 Xorg
0 S  1000  2390  2388  0  80   0 -  7368 -      pts/0    00:00:00 bash
0 R  1000  2465  2390  0  80   0 -  3935 -      pts/0    00:00:00 ps
0 S  1000  2466  2390  0  80   0 -  4446 -      pts/0    00:00:00 grep

1.tty7 and tty1-tty6
it is a kind of virtual terminal such as tty1-tty6.
proof1:in the output info ps -el |grep -v ?,in the third line----tty7.
Proof2:man chvt
chvt - change foreground virtual terminal. You can switch between tty1-tty7 with sudo chvt n (n's range from 1 until 7.) tty7,belong to tty family,is a knind of vertual terminal ,and is in a gui mode,differing from tty1-tty6 which are in text mode.

2.pts
pts means pesudo tty slave which is used with the pseudo terminal master. To get the pts structure of telnet session from web page

Description of a telnet session

in Figure 4: Description of a telnet session.

enter image description here

When bash (ps,grep) run on Xorg in my example,the pts structure is smoething like the below graph(enlightened by R.Koula,author of Description of a telnet session)

enter image description here

The controlling terminal for bash(ps,grep) is pts/0.

3.:0

w
 09:36:09 up 24 min,  1 user,  load average: 0.11, 0.25, 0.29
USER     TTY      FROM             LOGIN@   IDLE   JCPU   PCPU WHAT
debian8  :0       :0               09:12   ?xdm?   5:13   0.13s /usr/bin/lxsess

ps -lC lxsession
F S   UID   PID  PPID  C PRI  NI ADDR SZ WCHAN  TTY          TIME CMD
4 S  1000  1585  1574  0  80   0 - 91715 -      ?        00:00:00 lxsession

From ps -lC lxsession it is obvious that lxsession is a daemon which has no controlling terminal,so w can't yield info such as ttynumber(from 1 till 7) or pts/number. w yield :0 ,meaning local:display #0 ,to describe the fact on the hardware side,Xorg runing at local:display #0.

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