How would you go about finding the DNS servers used by systemd-resolved, for troubleshooting purposes?

Generally I can use dig and test the DNS servers shown in /etc/resolv.conf. (Or windows - ipconfig /all + nslookup). But that approach doesn't work when resolv.conf just points to a local resolver daemon on a loopback address. What method is used under systemd-resolved, to show the DNS servers it uses?

(unbound has config files I could look into. dnsmasq does too, though I'm not sure if servers can be added dynamically without a config file. Even NetworkManager, now has nmcli, and I see you can query nmcli d show wlan0 to show the DNS configuration for an interface.)


Use resolvectl status (systemd-resolve --status when using systemd version earlier than 239) to show your global and per-link DNS settings.

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    Unfortunately, in my ubuntu 16.04.6 there is no resolvectl and the systemd-resolve command has no "--status" option. – Marnix A. van Ammers Aug 12 '19 at 2:24
  • There is also resolvectl query but unfortunately it doesn't have verbose option. – S.R Dec 10 '19 at 10:59

Very helpful for troubleshooting is also:

journalctl -u systemd-resolved -f

There you can see what systemd-resolved is really doing. In my case it was not contacting the DNS servers that were reported via systemd-resolve --status at all. If it's doing weird things like that, then somtimes a restart via sudo systemctl restart systemd-resolved is a good idea.

EDIT: In order to get more information from resolved you need to put


into the override.conf of systemd-resolved via

sudo systemctl edit systemd-resolved
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    It might be worth noting that after running sudo systemctl edit systemd-resolved it seems sudo systemctl restart systemd-resolved needs to be run in order for the new settings to be applied. Thanks! – bmaupin Apr 23 '19 at 15:13
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    After all these years without having to deal with windows, not much anyway, you get the "If it's doing weird things like that, then somtimes a restart via.." advice and you know you are back to where you started. Sigh. – Jaap Versteegh Aug 22 '19 at 10:54

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