6

I am trying to use sed to replace a sequence of the same characters with the amount of characters in that sequence, but somehow something goes wrong.

I am trying the following:

echo aaabbdd | sed -e 's/a*/'"`wc -m &`/"

But this returns 0bbdd while I would like it to return 3bbdd.

I don't really know what exactly goes wrong sed seems to know what to replace and tries to execute the wc command, but somehow wc counts something empty? I am out of ideas of how to solve this problem, can somebody help me?

Thank you!

  • @Theophrastus, it's called "command substitution" and it's a standard shell feature; has nothing to do with Sed. However, the standard syntax for it is "$(somecommand)"; the backtick form is discouraged, deprecated and only kept for backward compatibility. – Wildcard Dec 1 '16 at 19:30
  • Actually, just looked closer...@Chocolate_Althea, you can't pass text from Sed into a shell command substitution. – Wildcard Dec 1 '16 at 19:33
7

What you are trying to achieve is possible indeed, but only with GNU sed, using the e command. So if you don't mind possible portability issues, you can give it a try.

E.g. your example will look something like this:

>echo aaabbdd | sed -e 's/a*/echo `echo -n & | wc -m`/;e'
3bbdd

if you remove the ;e, you will see an intermediate command (which helps understand why there are two echo'es)

echo `echo -n aaa | wc -m`bbdd

If you want to replace multiple matches, this could be more tricky, but still can be done by chaining substitutions:

>echo aabbaadd | sed -re 's/a+/`echo -n &|wc -m`/g;s/.*/echo &/;e'
2bb2dd

And certainly there are better tools for your task, such as awk, which features a built-in length() function.

References:

P.S.

Also take a note that if your input data contains quotes, you will have to escape them carefully, or temporarily replace them (i.e. with sed y/// command) for this to work.

  • Thank you! And I'll definitely have a look at awk as well, but I'm fairly new to using the command line, so I have no idea how awk works yet ;) – Chocolate_Althea Dec 4 '16 at 16:31

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