Packets which are read from a TUN interface, do not find their way when they are written back to the same TUN interface.
On a machine with only 1 NIC (eth0) which is connected to Internet, I have written an application which reads IP packets from TUN interface; then it may:
- write the packet without any change back to the same TUN interface
- block packet
- make changes to the packet (e.g. encrypt its payload) and write manipulated packet back to the TUN interface.
I have gone through the following steps:
- I run my program. It allocates and instantiates TUN device and waits for the device to be brought up.
Then I execute the following commands:
ifconfig tun0 up ifconfig tun0 10.0.0.2 route add -net 0.0.0.0 netmask 0.0.0.0 dev tun0 echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
Now my program starts to read packets successfully (And prints/logs its content).
- My program, writes back the packet without any change back to tun0 device
Written back packet, does not find its route back to go for example to eth0 or to the application layer. For example when I execute a ping:
and on another terminal:
tshark -i tun0
I see that the tun0 sees the ICMP echo packet (also my program):
10.0.0.2 → 126.96.36.199 ICMP 84 Echo (ping) request id=0x14b1, seq=2/512, ttl=64 10.0.0.2 → 188.8.131.52 ICMP 84 Echo (ping) request id=0x14b1, seq=3/768, ttl=64 10.0.0.2 → 184.108.40.206 ICMP 84 Unknown ICMP (obsolete or malformed?)
My program writes back packet to tun0 and
tshark sees it (in above snippet)
But the ICMP request does not reach eth0 so it could find its way to
220.127.116.11. IMHO there is a problem with routing rules but I could not find out how to modify it.
Any comment is welcomed, Regards