5

ls -l adds a total line (for total number of blocks) at the top of its output. Is there a direct way to suppress this line from the output? I know I can pipe the output into another command to delete the first line, but I am wondering if I am missing a simple option to suppress that line in the first place.

2
  • 3
    May be ls -ld * helps
    – Costas
    Oct 25 '16 at 19:35
  • @Costas joined here just to upvote that comment. Exactly what I was looking for. Dec 21 '17 at 2:14
9

No, you're not missing a simple option to drop the total line, at least not when listing the contents of a directory (including the current one, with no arguments). For example, with GNU ls, the -l, -g, -n, -o and -s options cause the total line to be displayed, with no option to disable it:

if (format == long_format || print_block_size)
{
  const char *p;
  char buf[LONGEST_HUMAN_READABLE + 1];

  DIRED_INDENT ();
  p = _("total");
  DIRED_FPUTS (p, stdout, strlen (p));
  DIRED_PUTCHAR (' ');
  p = human_readable (total_blocks, buf, human_output_opts,
                      ST_NBLOCKSIZE, output_block_size);
  DIRED_FPUTS (p, stdout, strlen (p));
  DIRED_PUTCHAR ('\n');
}

This is actually mandated by POSIX.

However, if you specify the files to list, rather than a directory, ls won’t show the total; the -d option causes directories to be treated as files, producing the desired result, as mentioned by Costas:

ls -ld *

will produce the same output as

ls -l

minus the total line, as long as your shell doesn’t include hidden files when expanding * (dotglob) and as long as the current directory doesn’t contain so many files that the expansion of * exceeds the maximum command-line length.

You can specify a directory too (ls -ld /path/to/directory/*) but the output will list files with the given path, unlike ls -l /path/to/directory.

2
  • I only came back since someone posted a comment - and I found another comment that proves that in fact I was indeed missing something simple. ls -ld * seems to do the trick. Or am I missing something simple with that, now?
    – mathguy
    Apr 23 '20 at 20:08
  • Although ls -ld path/to/dir/* lists each filename in the form path/to/dir/x while ls -l path/to/dir lists only x. And both * forms fail if the total size of all filenames exceeds your system's ARGMAX. Also some shells have options to include some or all dotfiles in * while ls without -a or -A never will. Apr 24 '20 at 2:00

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