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I've a bunch of files that should be renamed programatically in order to be comprehensible by the application.

They have this formatting : Files to be renamed

I need to cut from the end until the first _ and replace it by a dot(.).

As I don't know per advance the length of the filename neither the numbers of _ in the filename, do you have any idea trough awk/sed/cut ?

3
for F in *_*; do echo mv -- "${F}" "${F%_*}.${F##*_}"; done

If the output looks correct then remove the echo command from above.

The trick is that ${F%_*} removes last _26 and ${F##*_} removes everything before the last _. Try these commands to see how it works. The delimiter is now ::

echo "${PATH}"
echo "${PATH%:*}"
echo "${PATH##*:}"
echo "${PATH%:*}_${PATH##*:}"
  • you add <!-- language: lang-none --> before your codeblock to turn off syntax highlighting... – don_crissti Oct 3 '16 at 16:43
  • Hello hschou, Thanks it works like a charm ! – admstg Oct 3 '16 at 16:48
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Using sed

for file in *_*
do 
    echo mv $file $( sed 's/\(.*\)_/\1\./' <<< $file)
done

Remove the echo if you're satisfied.

  • sed makes it slow. For each file you have to start a new process and that takes time. One should always try to use internal bash-commands. – hschou Oct 3 '16 at 19:20
  • @hschou I agree that the bash solution is the most efficient however he asked for solutions using sed or awk. – Zachary Brady Oct 3 '16 at 19:24
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You can replace the last block with sed, using the end of line marker ($).

#/bin/bash
for file in *_* ; do
  #any alphanumeric string as suffix
  mv $file $( sed 's/_\([A-Za-z0-9]\{1,\}\)$/.\1/' <<< $file )
  #alternatively numbers only as in given input sample
  mv $file $( sed 's/_\([0-9]\{1,\}\)$/.\1/' <<< $file )
done

AFAIK the \{1,\} bit as "one or more" of the preceding list is GNU sed - but I'm not 100% sure of this restriction.

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