I have a small laptop which doesn't have a full keyboard and I would like to insert with Shift+Insert to insert from the X clipboard but I don't have an Insert key. So I figured I just look it up the keycode for F9 with xev(it was 75) and just remap the key with xmodmap in the following way:

xmodmap -e "keycode 75 = Insert"

which should work but it didn't. So I'm stuck now. Could someone help me out?

You must add at least one column.

# set Key and Shift+Key
xmodmap -e "keycode 75 = Insert Insert"
# set all
xmodmap -e "keycode 75 = Insert Insert Insert Insert Insert Insert"

Each keycode is followed by the keysym it is mapped to. The above example indicates that the keycode 57 is mapped to the lowercase n, while the uppercase N is mapped to keycode 57 plus Shift.

Each keysym column in the table corresponds to a particular combination of modifier keys:

1. Key
2. Shift+Key
3. mode_switch+Key
4. mode_switch+Shift+Key
5. AltGr+Key
6. AltGr+Shift+Key

-- https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Xmodmap#Keymap_table

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