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I am currently trying to install the new Linux Mint 18 on an (empty) Seagate Expansion 1TB external hard drive. I am running Linux live from a USB and using the "Install Linux Mint" wizard that is included with the distribution.

I created 4 partitions:

  1. 50GB "/" partition
  2. 500GB "/Home" partition
  3. 50GB "SWAP" partition;
  4. 20GB EFI System partition.

However, when I try to install, I get the message:

The partition /dev/sda1 assigned to / starts at an offset of 3584 bytes from the minimum alignment for this disk, which may lead to very poor performance."

For each partition, I am placing everything at the beginning rather than the end. When I try to delete the new partition and recreate it, there is the same around 33MB of free space at the beginning and the wizard will not let me continue to the next step until I get rid of it.

Does anyone know what I am doing wrong and if there is a way to put the root directory at the beginning of the external hard drive and get rid of the free space?

http://i.stack.imgur.com/sSxNf.jpg

migrated from stackoverflow.com Jul 12 '16 at 18:15

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

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I was having the same problem. I did about 5hrs of research on the net and many people had the same problem with the seagate external drives. It must be the usb interface causing the error. i took the drive out of the case and installed it in my e machines desktop and installed the os that way. When done i reinstalled the drive back into the enclosure, hooked it up to my HP G6 laptop which has no internal hard drive, set the bios to boot from the seagate backup plus and it worked. That was the only way i could get it to install.The computer that is using the external HD is currently doing updates.

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FYI, it can be a problem installing Linux Mint 17.3 on "newer" (post-2009) SATA HDD that are 250 GB or above in capacity because of newer HDD technology = partitions not properly aligned with the disk. Something to do with 512 bytes data blocks in older IDE/PATA HDD (that came in 120 GB or less sizes) and 4096 bytes data blocks in newer HDD. E.g., the error message during installation = "... offset of 3584 bytes from minimum alignment ...".

If you get this error message during install of Linux Mint 17.3 on an external/USB HDD, you need to first use GParted (which is included in the Live DVD or USB-stick) to realign the modern SATA hard disk, i.e., unmount the HDD (usually is /dev/sdb or /dev/sdc), delete the whole old partition and create the first new partition meant for the "/" or root partition (e.g., 20 GB in size), with 1 MiB (= the default value) at the "free space preceding" and 0 MiB at the "free space following", ensure "MiB" alignment box is checked (= do not select "cylinder"), set it as Primary partition and format to FAT32 file system (= quicker process, i.e., no need to use ext4 yet).

....... When creating the new 2nd partition meant for the home partition (e.g., 30 GB in size), set 0 MiB for both the free space preceding n following, Primary partition and format to fat32.

....... If you have less than 4 GB of RAM, you can also create a new third partition for swap area (e.g., set as 2 GB in size) for virtual memory/RAM on the hard disk, ... do as for the home partition above.

You can leave the remaining space as unallocated or free space. After the install and boot, you can create a fourth new partition to store your back-ups, movies, music, photos, files or install another Linux distro (= need to sudo update-grub to dual-boot).

Only after partitioning the external HDD with GParted, can you proceed with the Install via the Live DVD or USB-stick. Click "Something else", click the first partition that you had created earlier with GParted, click "Change", click "ext4 file system", click "/" for Mount point, and so on, and also for the /home and swap partitions.

....... Ensure that the device for the bootloader installation is set to the external HDD, e.g., /dev/sdb or /dev/sdc. The cptr's internal HDD/SSD is usually identified as /dev/sda.

Seems the Linux installer does not realign modern SATA HDD when you create a "New Partition Table" for the / (root), /home and swap partitions during the install process.

I have just successfully installed and booted LM 17.3 on a "modern" SATA 250GB external/USB HDD which initially had the above error message about the first root partition not properly aligned with the HDD during install = could not proceed with the install. This was after many hours of reinstalling, trial and error.

....... Previously, I had no problem installing and booting LM 17.3 on an old external IDE/PATA 80GB HDD, i.e., no need to use GParted.

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