I'm currently attempting to follow Hardening Debian for the Desktop Using Grsecurity guide in order to install the 4.5.7 kernel with Grsecurity on my Kali Linux desktop.

I am following that list of instructions verbatim, except for the fact that I'm trying to use Grsecurity's test patch for the 4.5.7 kernel and I'm running Kali Linux instead of straight Debian.

Every time I attempt to compile the kernel, however, I get this error following the line "CC certs/system_keyring.o":

  CC      certs/system_keyring.o
make[2]: *** No rule to make target 'debian/certs/benh@debian.org.cert.pem', needed by 'certs/x509_certificate_list'.  Stop.
Makefile:951: recipe for target 'certs' failed
make[1]: *** [certs] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/jc/Downloads/linux-4.5.7'
debian/ruleset/targets/common.mk:295: recipe for target 'debian/stamp/build/kernel' failed
make: *** [debian/stamp/build/kernel] Error 2

I get this error, as I found out, for any kernel even if I apply no patches or modifications, so it has something to do with the tools I'm using to compile the kernel (apparently a system keychain of some sort). Can someone out there tell me how to fix my OS and compile my kernel?

P.S. Here is the output of cat /proc/version:

Linux version 4.6.0-kali1-amd64 (devel@kali.org) (gcc version 5.4.0 20160609 (Debian 5.4.0-4) ) #1 SMP Debian 4.6.2-2kali2 (2016-06-28)
  • 4
    Try commenting out the CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS line from your .config ? – steve Jul 3 '16 at 20:41
  • I am confused you say “except for the fact that I'm trying to use Grsecurity's test patch“, and you say “even if I apply no patches". I can not work you what problem you are describing. Do you get the problem when following the instructions 100%, of is it only when applying the patch? – ctrl-alt-delor Jul 3 '16 at 20:56
  • Sorry for the confusion - I get the problem when compiling any kernel in any fashion. I am attempting to compile the kernel the same way as micah lee except for a few differences; but the problem exists whether or I not I try to include grsecurity. – John Doe Jul 3 '16 at 20:59
  • @Steve, will that affect my final build? I'd rather fix the real problem with my current setup than attempt to remove any essential keys from my new kernel. – John Doe Jul 3 '16 at 21:04

I ran into this several years ago on a Debian build. In the .config file you copied from /boot find and comment out the lines CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEY and CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY.

During the build you can use your own cert or just use a random one time cert.

Found the above in this thread.

  • 7
    For me (4.8) it was CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS – Pierre Jan 15 '17 at 11:31
  • 6
    Oneliner for a 4.19 config - sed -ri '/CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS/s/=.+/=""/g' .config – Adam Baxter Mar 4 '19 at 6:50
  • In the folder where the kernel source is, create a debian folder. Create a certs folder in it.
  • Create a file named debian-uefi-certs.pem with this content.
  • By "create" do you mean "touch debian-uefi-certs.pem", or do you need to make a file with content? Any specific content? – llywrch May 20 '20 at 20:02
  • yep - touch debian-uefi-certs.pem – Stanislav Panayotov May 21 '20 at 13:27
  • 2
    This sounds potentially dangerous. – Infiltrator Mar 20 at 11:51
  • 1
    Why should they use that particular contents for the file? The link does not seem to end up on an officially endorsed Debian site. – Kusalananda Mar 21 at 17:47

You can change your config file .config




Ran into this, install the source package through the package manager and move the debian and debian.master folders into the linux source where the makefile is located

$ sudo apt search linux-source
# don't worry about it not saying 'generic'

$ sudo apt install linux-source-<version>
$ cd /usr/src/linux-source-<version>
$ sudo tar xf linux-source-<version>.tar.gz
$ sudo mv debian linux-source-<version>/debian
$ sudo mv debian.master linux-source-<version>/debian.master

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