Is there a way to tell from Bash what distro version # I'm running and also what Kernel version is included?
Basic commands will be the following:
# cat /etc/gentoo-release Gentoo Base System release 2.1 # uname -r 3.1.6-gentoo
Also you can obtain this information in a "gentoo-way" using app-portage/gentoolkit package utils:
# equery list baselayout * Searching for baselayout ... [IP-] [ ] sys-apps/baselayout-2.1:0 # eselect kernel list Available kernel symlink targets:  linux-3.1.4-gentoo  linux-3.1.5-gentoo  linux-3.1.6-gentoo *  linux-3.1.7-gentoo  linux-3.2.0-gentoo  linux-3.2.0-gentoo-r1
Gentoo is a rolling release, so although the information posted above is correct and relevant, there is another very important piece of the puzzle:
eselect profile list
It makes a lot more difference on the system than say the exact kernel release...
To check your Linux distribution name and version (not the kernel version):