After many hours I finally managed to configure Apache to use my SSL certificate but i just found out that there is something wrong in my configuration. If I try to reach my domain from Google Chrome by just entering the following address I get the following warning:


 You don't have permission to access / on this server. 

But if I enter the following address in Google Chrome I can access the server and its working with my certificate:


What do I do wrong?

Here is my VirtualHost:

 <VirtualHost *:443>
ServerAdmin admin@erichermansson.com
ServerName erichermansson.com
ServerAlias www.erichermansson.com
SSLEngine ON
SSLCertificateFile /www/erichermansson.com/ssl/erichermansson.com.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile /www/erichermansson.com/ssl/erichermansson.com.key
DocumentRoot /www/erichermansson.com/html/
ErrorLog /www/erichermansson.com/logs/error.log
CustomLog /www/erichermansson.com/logs/access.log combined
<Directory /www/erichermansson.com/html/ >
     Options FollowSymLinks
     AllowOverride All
     Order deny,allow
     Allow from all
  • Have you defined a VirtualHost: entry for port 80 somewhere ? – Sree Jun 8 '16 at 17:02
  • And does Apache have read permission on /var/erichermansson.com/html? – garethTheRed Jun 8 '16 at 17:02
  • @Sreeraj No I have not done that, where do I do that? – Eric Hermansson Jun 8 '16 at 17:14
  • @garethTheRed Yes, Apache have read permission on the HTML folder. – Eric Hermansson Jun 8 '16 at 17:15

For HTTP to redirect to HTTPS you need to (the first 3 steps you probably already did):

  1. Allow port 80 in your router.

  2. Forward port 80 to your server.

  3. Punch hole in your firewall:

    sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
  4. Define VirtualHost for port 80 (as well as for 443):

    <VirtualHost *:80>
      ServerName             erichermansson.com
      ServerAlias            www.erichermansson.com
      RewriteEngine          on
      RewriteCond            %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.*)$ [NC]
      RewriteRule            ^(.*)$ https://%1/$1 [R]
      RewriteCond            %{HTTPS} !on
      RewriteRule            ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R=301]
    <IfModule mod_ssl.c>
      <VirtualHost *:443>
      ... your code here ...
  5. Activate mod_rewrite:

    sudo a2enmod rewrite
  6. Define a redirect from HTTP to HTTPS, something like:

    RewriteCond            %{HTTPS} !on
    RewriteRule            ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R=301]

    which we have already done step 4.

  7. And finally restart Apache:

    sudo service apache2 restart
  • Thanks for your answer. Can you be more specific how I define a VirtualHost for port 80 and how I use mod_rewrite? Thanks! – Eric Hermansson Jun 8 '16 at 17:16
  • Take your time! :) – Eric Hermansson Jun 8 '16 at 17:17
  • 1
    if he is getting that error, port 80 is not firewalled, as Apache is answering. The problem at the moment is that the vhost is not listening to port 80. – Rui F Ribeiro Jun 8 '16 at 17:17
  • Would not one RewriteCond rule be enough? It if is a new site, a RedirectPermanent is simpler and does the job. – Rui F Ribeiro Jun 8 '16 at 17:56
  • @RuiFRibeiro This code I use on my server. I am no expert on rewrites, always been busy not to learn it properly. If you are able to improve it, I would appretiate it. – LinuxSecurityFreak Jun 8 '16 at 18:03

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