I am completely blocked, but temporarily. I have an Ubuntu 11.10 in good condition, in this one I installed VirtuelBox. I installed on VirtuelBox as Ghest Debian Squeeze with Kernel 2.6.32-5-686. ja 'tried to recompile my kernel to erase all composont driver then I turned on the current configuration of the driver necessary for the operation of Ghest Debian. Steps for compiling and installing the kernel are:

root login
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list
# apt-get update
# apt-get install debconf-utils debhelper dpkg-dev build-essential kernel-package libncurses5-dev
# uname-r
# wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux-
# tar xvjf linux-
# mv linux- /usr/src/
# cd /usr/src/linux-
# cp /boot/config-2.6.32-5-686. config
### make allnoconfig##
# make menuconfig
we selected the penultimate year Load Alternate Configuration File
you exit the menu while watching
# make-kpkg - append-to-version "-tango" - initrd buildpackage-us-uc
the image is now in /usr/src/
# dpkg-i linux-image-

an error when starting the first line from Grub kernel panic not syncing vfs Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block 0 0 GRUB


after recompilation lsmod Module Size Used by ppdev 4058 0 lp 5570 0 binfmt_misc 4907 1 fuse 44268 1 loop 9769 0 snd_intel8x0 19595 1 snd_ac97_codec 79200 1 snd_intel8x0 ac97_bus 710 1 snd_ac97_codec snd_pcm 47226 2 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec snd_seq 35463 0 snd_timer 12270 2 snd_pcm,snd_seq snd_seq_device 3673 1 snd_seq parport_pc 15799 0 parport 22554 3 ppdev,lp,parport_pc snd 34423 8 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec,snd_pcm,snd_seq,snd_timer,snd_seq_device psmouse 44809 0 pcspkr 1207 0 serio_raw 2916 0 ac 1640 0 joydev 6739 0 evdev 5609 8 i2c_piix4 7076 0 button 3598 0 i2c_core 12787 1 i2c_piix4 soundcore 3450 1 snd snd_page_alloc 5045 2 snd_intel8x0,snd_pcm ext3 94396 5 jbd 32317 1 ext3 mbcache 3762 1 ext3 usbhid 28008 0 hid 50909 1 usbhid sg 19937 0 sr_mod 10770 0 cdrom 26487 1 sr_mod sd_mod 26005 7 crc_t10dif 1012 1 sd_mod ata_generic 2247 0 ohci_hcd 16999 0 ata_piix 17736 0 ahci 27410 6 ehci_hcd 28693 0 thermal 9206 0 libata 115869 3 ata_generic,ata_piix,ahci thermal_sys 9378 1 thermal usbcore 98969 4 usbhid,ohci_hcd,ehci_hcd nls_base 4541 1 usbcore scsi_mod 104853 4 sg,sr_mod,sd_mod,libata e1000 77317 0 root@debian:/boot# root@debian:/boot# lspci 00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 440FX - 82441FX PMC [Natoma] (rev 02) 00:01.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82371SB PIIX3 ISA [Natoma/Triton II] 00:01.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82371AB/EB/MB PIIX4 IDE (rev 01) 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH VirtualBox Graphics Adapter 00:03.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (rev 02) 00:04.0 System peripheral: InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH VirtualBox Guest Service 00:05.0 Multimedia audio controller: Intel Corporation 82801AA AC'97 Audio Controller (rev 01) 00:06.0 USB Controller: Apple Computer Inc. KeyLargo/Intrepid USB 00:07.0 Bridge: Intel Corporation 82371AB/EB/MB PIIX4 ACPI (rev 08) 00:0b.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801FB/FBM/FR/FW/FRW (ICH6 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller 00:0d.0 SATA controller: Intel Corporation 82801HBM/HEM (ICH8M/ICH8M-E) SATA AHCI Controller (rev 02) root@debian:/boot# root@debian:/boot# lscpu Architecture: i686 CPU(s): 1 Thread(s) per core: 1 Core(s) per socket: 1 CPU socket(s): 1 Vendor ID: GenuineIntel CPU family: 6 Model: 15 Stepping: 13 CPU MHz: 1983.975 root@debian:/boot#

the file .config is in the link: .config Help me please

  • The commands that you show are clearly not copy-pasted (there are multiple typos; these commands would not have run). While this doesn't matter here because you haven't posted what would be the relevant information (what you removed from the .config), it's a bad idea. Always copy-paste commands and error messages, don't retype them. Jan 8, 2012 at 22:06

1 Answer 1


The message indicates that the kernel could not mount the root filesystem. This can have several causes:

  1. The device that the root filesystem is on is not working or took too long to become ready (usually an issue booting from USB or possibly NFS).
  2. The bootloader configuration is broken, and the root device passed on the kernel command line is incorrect.
  3. The kernel lacks support for one of the features needed to access the root filesystem: one of the necessary drivers is missing. Typically the missing component is the filesystem driver or the block device driver (e.g. SATA chipset); also check that you've included the necessary RAID methods, LVM, encryption, etc.
  4. A necessary driver is compiled as a module, but not included in the initramfs or initrd, or you are booting without an initramfs or initrd. If you recompile the kernel and need a module to access the root filesystem, be sure to regenerate the initramfs/initrd.

Given that you've just recompiled a kernel, #3 is the most likely explanation. You've missed some necessary driver in your kernel configuration.

Check your .config carefully. There's something missing in there. Start with the existing .config that's working now (as you did, going by the commands you posted) and don't remove stuff if you aren't sure that it isn't used.

  • I just want to compile the kernel, leaving all the components and I want to leave just the drivers needed to operate the hardware of the machine Ghest (Debian) under VirtuelBox. what should I do in the compilation: # make allnoconfig => is that this command is just to remove all the drivers? in the menuconfig is that when I did: Load Alternate Configuration File is only to load drivers necessary
    – tmedtcom
    Jan 8, 2012 at 22:25
  • Go back into your working kernel and do an lsmod - also check the output of lspci and lscpu. lsmod will tell you what modules have been loaded and can give you clues as to what you should build into your kernel. You can search in make menuconfig by module name if you are unsure of what something is (I am a good percentage of the time).
    – LawrenceC
    Jan 8, 2012 at 22:37
  • 1
    @ultrasawblade Actually, support for the root filesystem can be compiled as a module, as long as this module is included in the initramfs (since tmedtcom is using the Debian kernel tools, he should have a matching initramfs). Support for the initramfs must be included in the kernel proper. Jan 8, 2012 at 22:45
  • @tmedtcom You clearly removed too many drivers. Since you didn't post your .config, we can't tell what you removed. Note that even if you do post your .config, it's possible that no one will want to go through the hundreds of lines to find what's missing. Really, if you want to remove drivers, it's up to you to check that they are not needed. Jan 8, 2012 at 22:47
  • donc qu'est ce que je dois faire? vous donner le contenue du fichier .config ou le resultat des commandes lsmod lspci lscpu? avez vous une idée?
    – tmedtcom
    Jan 8, 2012 at 22:59

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