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I have a script located at /home/user/backup.sh

I'm trying to execute this script via my root crontab. It isn't running. The script works if I create the crontab under my user account.

Is there anyway to run this script as the root crontab? Here is the line I am using.

25 20 * * * sh /home/user/backup.sh


Contents of script:

tar -czvf /home/user/backup/backup.tar.gz /var/www/
mysqldump -u root -p password --all-databases > /home/user/backup/backup.sql
rsync -avz /home/user/backup user@myserver:/home/user/
  • Could it be caused by some permission or system level protection such as selinux? Check the output of sestatus. – Julie Pelletier May 14 '16 at 2:14
  • Is your script perhaps dependent on what directory it is run from, or dependent on environment variables? – Wildcard May 14 '16 at 2:15
  • It's a backup script that creates a tarball and then rsyncs it to a remote VPS. I use absolute paths always. Very basic – user970638 May 14 '16 at 2:17
  • Hmmm. Do you specify the absolute path where the tarball is to be created? (Default is to create in $PWD, I believe; not sure where cron runs out of.) From what you describe above I see no reason the cronjob should fail. Does sudo sh /home/user/backup.sh work? – Wildcard May 14 '16 at 2:20
  • update your question with content of script. monitor your /var/log/cron or /var/log/syslog to see if anything from crond. output your cron like 1 2 * * * /path/to/your/script &>/tmp/script.log. do you have $PATH set in crontab file? – cuongnv23 May 14 '16 at 2:21
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root has full access on your system, but doesn't necessarily have all the keys to other systems that your normal user account has.

So the trouble is:

rsync -avz /home/user/backup user@myserver:/home/user/
                             ^^^^

If you cause root to execute this command as you, your keys will be used and the command will be successful:

sudo -u user rsync -avz /home/user/backup user@myserver:/home/user/

Alternatively, you could install root's public key as an accepted SSH key for user on the myserver system.

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