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I'm new in Unix, and I'm learning about sed command. I need to write a very small script for searching a number in a file and replacing it. I tried doing grep, and than deleting the specific phone number from a file, and then adding another one. But i was told that i can use sed in a script to replace. I know how to use the sed command on a command line for search, and replacing something. But how do i write a script, which lets the user search a number, and then let the user enter the number which they want to replace the old number with.

So far what i did was use grep to find a number, that works. but now I'm stuck at how can i let the user add in the new number, so the new number can replace the old one. I tried piping grep to sed, and vice versa. No luck so far. I sound redundant, :/ but I'm really frustrated. Any help will be appreciated :D.

marked as duplicate by Wildcard, dr01, Jeff Schaller, Anthon, MelBurslan Apr 6 '16 at 13:55

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  • 4
    Please provide a sample input and your desired output from that.. – heemayl Apr 6 '16 at 4:49
  • not a duplicate, OP asked about geting new phone number. – Archemar Apr 6 '16 at 7:30
2

Here's a starting point for you:

#!/bin/bash

PHONEFILE=/path/to/your/file

# Prompt for search and replace numbers
# and simply exit if either is empty
# (in your actual script, you'll need to flesh this out with
# proper validation of phone number formats, error messages etc.!)
read -p "Number to search for: " oldnum
if [ ! "$oldnum" ]; then exit; fi

read -p "Replace with number: " newnum
if [ ! "$newnum" ]; then exit; fi

# Search and replace, change the phone file directly
# and create a backup of the previous version with .bak extension
# This assumes a file containing one phone number per line
sed -i .bak 's/^'"$oldnum"'$/'"$newnum"'/' $PHONEFILE
  • It also assumes BSD sed, and assumes that you won't change the value of PHONEFILE to something with special characters in it (since you didn't quote it in the final line). – Wildcard Apr 6 '16 at 6:29
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    I'm not sure why you use Bash above, rather than something less heavyweight, but since you do, is there a good reason to prefer echo; read over read -p? Just wondering. – Toby Speight Apr 6 '16 at 8:18
  • @TobySpeight Since the OP stated that she's new in Unix and I don't know where she wants to go from here with her script, I would recommend bash to her for the built-in convenience, just in case. Also, this did not seem to me like a time or memory-critical application which would demand the use of a lightweight shell per se (the weight-lifting is done by sed alone, not by the surrounding script… at this stage). – Guido Apr 6 '16 at 11:37
  • @TobySpeight And you're right about the read -p. I updated this, thanks. Bad PHP habits… – Guido Apr 6 '16 at 11:38
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    That seems a good reason to use Bash - I just wanted to point out (for didactic purposes) that one can/should choose which shell to use for each script. – Toby Speight Apr 6 '16 at 11:56

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