In my Ubuntu, i run java application in background. I use bash script to run it and now it looks like:

nohup java -jar app.jar &
exit 0

The problem that i want to be able to write an input string to my application, without making it foreground, from different terminals/sessions. Something like

echo "mytext" > /appdir/in

How should i change my script?

2 Answers 2



set -e

if [ ! -p in ]; then
    mkfifo in
tail -f in | java -jar app.jar

Send command to the application with following syntax

echo "command" > /home/user/in
  • 1
    This is good solution, but I do not get how to get stdout from the app. Commented Jun 30, 2017 at 15:21

Give this a try:

mkfifo /appdir/in
nohup java -jar app.jar < /appdir/in &
exit 0

The test:

$ ./startapp.sh
$ printf "%s\n" "mytext" >> /appdir/in
$ cat nohup.out


There is additional control to add in order to manage the lifecycle of the /appdir/in named pipe.

  • Good try but it does not work (with or without nohup). My application simply not running (not started).
    – Croll
    Commented Mar 31, 2016 at 11:48
  • @DmitrjA So the application start needs to be troubleshooted? The test section here is a real test. Do you have any error message on the console, in the appilcation log file, in nohup.out? My own app.java read line from STDIN and write it to STDOUT.
    – Jay jargot
    Commented Mar 31, 2016 at 11:50
  • If i run java -jar app.jar < pipe.in java is not started, and terminal hangs untill Ctrl+Z or Ctrl+C
    – Croll
    Commented Mar 31, 2016 at 11:56
  • try java -jar app.jar < pipe.in & instead
    – Jay jargot
    Commented Mar 31, 2016 at 12:00
  • Its same, but without hanging. I don't have application sources, but it's normal command line tool. Tried to use "/proc/PID/fd/0", no success, but i could use it incorrectly.
    – Croll
    Commented Mar 31, 2016 at 12:08

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