I am trying to set up a debian 8.3 machine with eth0 and eth1 bridged, but I can't get packets to traverse the bridge. Currently, eth0 is connected to a LAN with many other hosts, including a DHCP server. Eth1 is connected to a regular switch, with one machine attached.
This is my /etc/network/interfaces:
iface eth0 inet manual iface eth1 inet manual allow-hotplug br0 auto br0 iface br0 inet static bridge_ports eth0 eth1 address 172.16.1.111 netmask 255.255.0.0 broadcast 172.16.255.255 gateway 172.16.1.254 dns-servers 172.16.1.1
/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward is set to 1.
According to tcpdump running on the test machine connected to the eth1 network, the test machine is sending out DHCP requests, but according to tcpdump running on the bridge host, it is receiving no such requests.
Another host plugged into the switch connected to eth1 can also see that the test machine is indeed sending out DHCP requests, but again, running tcpdump on the bridge host shows no incoming DHCP requests.
When I run tcpdump on eth1 on the bridge host, I do see packets supposedly going out eth1 that originated from the eth0 side of the network, but even though tcpdump claims that those packets are exiting eth1, no host on eth1's network can see any of them.
If I give the test machine connected to eth1 a static ip of 172.16.1.112, it gets no ping response from the bridge host (172.16.1.111). Another host plugged in to the switch can see the test host sending out arp who-has 172.16.1.111 requests, but tcpdump running on eth1 on the bridge host shows no incoming arp requests.
If I delete the bridge all together, assign eth1 an ip of 192.168.200.1 and the test machine plugged in to eth1 an ip of 192.168.200.2, then ping, ssh, and everything else works, indicating that there is nothing wrong with the physical network connections. Also, "ifconfig ethx promisc up" for both interfaces didn't help.
br0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:22:19:d5:48:a5 inet addr:172.16.1.111 Bcast:172.16.255.255 Mask:255.255.0.0 inet6 addr: fe80::222:19ff:fed5:48a5/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:1789546 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:7077 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:89574606 (85.4 MiB) TX bytes:1096756 (1.0 MiB) eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:22:19:d5:48:a5 UP BROADCAST RUNNING PROMISC MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:1796423 errors:0 dropped:6430 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:7124 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:123614592 (117.8 MiB) TX bytes:1159358 (1.1 MiB) Interrupt:16 eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:22:19:d5:48:a6 UP BROADCAST RUNNING PROMISC MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:6437 errors:0 dropped:6435 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:1782083 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:1737578 (1.6 MiB) TX bytes:121076196 (115.4 MiB) Interrupt:17
Other places talked about ebtables, this is what I have:
root@face:~# ebtables -L Bridge table: filter Bridge chain: INPUT, entries: 0, policy: ACCEPT Bridge chain: FORWARD, entries: 0, policy: ACCEPT Bridge chain: OUTPUT, entries: 0, policy: ACCEPT
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016 *mangle :PREROUTING ACCEPT [160073:12825881] :INPUT ACCEPT [125398:10762899] :FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [2598:515898] :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [2598:515898] COMMIT # Completed on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016 # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016 *filter :INPUT ACCEPT [125467:10767745] :FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [2631:519386] COMMIT # Completed on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016 # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016 *nat :PREROUTING ACCEPT [59097:4965900] :INPUT ACCEPT [24420:2902790] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [513:27017] :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [513:27017] COMMIT # Completed on Fri Mar 25 12:07:16 2016
root@face:~# brctl show bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br0 8000.002219d548a5 no eth0 eth1 root@face:~# bridge link show 2: eth0 state UP : <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,PROMISC,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 master br0 state forwarding priority 32 cost 4 3: eth1 state UP : <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,PROMISC,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 master br0 state forwarding priority 32 cost 19 root@face:~#
I must be missing something silly, but I can't see what it is. What am I doing wrong?
edits: I can indeed confirm that the iptables-save dump pasted above was the entirety of the running iptables configuration. Now, after a reboot, iptables-save returns nothing.
I also added "bridge_fd 0" and "bridge_maxwait 1" to the br0 section of the interfaces config, but it's been about 10 minutes after a reboot with those changes, and still no traffic is getting anywhere.
I switched the eth0 and eth1 cords around, and it looks like wherever eth0 is plugged in is where the br0 will respond to pings. Still no traffic making its way through, after several minutes of pings.
To further investigate matters, I swapped mac addresses in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules so that eth0 is now eth1 and eth1 is has the former eth0 mac address. After a reboot, the br0 still has the mac of what was eth0, and is now eth1, which is still the only side to acknowledge any incoming packets. Can br0 be set to a third, non eth0 or eth1 mac address?