# evaluate multiple patterns from program output and write into pattern specific files

I have a script outputting some value/numbers and I want to split those into two files. I am looking at something like:

./runme.sh | grep 'ook' >> ook.out | grep 'eek' >> eek.out


Where the second pipe should not, as is the case, take the output of the first grep but that of runme.sh. Is that possible?

• Tried something like the Print odd-numbered lines, print even-numbered lines answers adapted for your requirement? Dec 16 '11 at 12:16
• @manatwork: It could but would be a hack. pee appears to do just what I want. Dec 16 '11 at 12:38
• sed and awk can solve this in 1 process. With pee you will start 3 processes. Hack or not, sounds more efficient. Dec 16 '11 at 12:51
• @manatwork can you please give an example with sed and awk? I am interested to know the command build. Dec 16 '11 at 12:57

That's perfect use case for the utility pee.

./runme.sh | pee "grep ook >> ook.out" "grep eek >> eek.out"

In Debian & derivatives, pee is found in moreutils package.

• that was good one minaev :-) Dec 16 '11 at 12:34
• I have to say I think @Nikhil's answer is more versatile as you might not be able to pee on all systems.
– cwd
Jan 7 '12 at 15:12
• Wow. Good luck to everyone googling man page. Jan 9 '18 at 19:21

You should do egrep for both patterns then.

/.runme.sh | egrep "ook|eek"

but it seems you need to redirect the each pattern evaluation output to its own file, which grep does not seem to support. Anyone, please correct me if it is possible.

Edit: minaev gave a working example with pee from moreutils, but if pee is missing on your platform, we can still use tee like this. Just play with process substitution.

./runme.sh |tee >(grep ook > ook.txt) >(grep eek > eek.txt)

Example:

[centos@centos scripts]$./runme.sh eekfarapplebin keeekmajowrwt keekookjsfskooeek ook [centos@centos scripts]$ ./runme.sh | tee >(grep eek >eek.txt) >(grep ook >ook.txt)
eekfarapplebin
keeekmajowrwt
keekookjsfskooeek
ook
[centos@centos scripts]$cat eek.txt eekfarapplebin keeekmajowrwt keekookjsfskooeek [centos@centos scripts]$ cat ook.txt
keekookjsfskooeek
ook
[centos@centos scripts]$ The simple awk alternative: ./runme.sh | awk '/ook/{print>>"ook.out"}/eek/{print>>"eek.out"}'  With little addition the awk code can be made easily extensible – just put in array r as many regular expression-output file pairs are needed: ./runme.sh | awk 'BEGIN{r["ook"]="ook.out";r["eek"]="eek.out"}{for(i in r)if($0~i)print>>r[i]}'


The sed w command is equivalent of >, sadly there is no way to append to file:

./runme.sh | sed -n $'/ook/wook.out\n/eek/week.out'  I'm guessing runme is either a long running command, or requires atomicity (runs once). I would suggest creating a unique temp filename with mktemp TMPFILE=$(mktemp)
./runme.sh > $TMPFILE grep 'ook'$TMPFILE >> ook.out
grep 'eek' $TMPFILE >> eek.out \rm -f$TMPFILE

• See Nikhil's answer for a clever use of tee... Dec 16 '11 at 12:53
• I saw that, so I stand corrected on the use of tee My old learn linux mantra - learn something new everyday, try it, practice it, remember it.
– bsd
Dec 16 '11 at 16:05
• @dbowning: Tru dat. Dec 16 '11 at 16:07

The command tee can keep a copy of the piped stream in a temp file. Then we can grep the original stdout and also the temp file separately:

./runme.sh |tee temp |grep ook >>ook.out;grep eek temp >>eek.out
`