I'm trying to read a part of a file name to make it in an if .. else statement

for example : file name : foo_bar_test1_example.stat

I want to do a test; if the word : example exists in the file name , then there are some scripts to execute.

Thanks in advance :)

  • I'm new with shell scripting ..is there something wrong with the question ? why Its down voted ? :'( – pietà Mar 1 '16 at 12:48

With bash you can do as follows:

#let's look for an a in our handful of files
for file in aa ab bb cc dd ad ; do
  #note the placement of the asterisks and the quotes
  #do not swap file and string!
  if [[ "$file" == *"$string"* ]] ; then
     echo "$string in $file"
     echo "no match for $file"

EDIT: simplification with bash's regex matching, as suggested by @JeffSchaller:

if [[ "$file" =~ $string ]] ; then
  • 3
    also with bash, you can use regular expression matching inside [[, such as: if [[ "$file" =~ example ]]; then echo found; else echo not found; fi – Jeff Schaller Mar 1 '16 at 13:41
  • @JeffSchaller pretty good point, I had forgotten about this option. updated – Fiximan Mar 1 '16 at 15:21
  • 1
    Note that they're not specific to bash. The [[ string == pattern ]] comes from ksh and is available in bash, ksh and zsh, [[ string =~ regexp ]] comes from bash and is available in bash, ksh93 and zsh. However note that with bash 3.1 and below and zsh $string would be considered as a regexp. – Stéphane Chazelas Mar 1 '16 at 15:30

case is the construct for that in shells of the Bourne family (Bourne, Almquist, ksh, bash, zsh, yash...):

case $file in
  *example*) do-something-for-example "$file";;
  *) do-something-else-if-not "$file";;

In shells of the csh family (csh, tcsh):

switch ($file:q)
  case *example*:
    do-something-with $file:q

    do-something-else-with $file:q

In the fish shell:

switch $file
  case '*example*'
    do-something-with $file
  case '*'
    do-something-else-with $file

With rc or aganga:

switch ($file) {
  case *example*
    do-something-with $file

  case *
    do-something-else-with $file

With es:

if {~ $file *example*} {
  do-something-with $file
} {
  do-something-else-with $file

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