From the Arch Wiki:
I actually prefer this font over the default 'Monospace' font. Where can I extract/obtain a copy of this font?
After reading Thomas Dickey's answer, I researched what Codepage 437 actually is, and it turns out that it's the font that's heavily associated with the DOS era.
I came across a site called The Ultimate Oldschool PC Font Pack, which has a collection of TTFs that are (near) perfect replications of the old fonts that everyone loves.
I made a package for it called ttf-ibm-vga8 in the Arch User Repository. You can install on other distributions by moving it to the fonts folder.
The wiki goes on to say:
The kbd package provides tools to change virtual console font and font mapping. Available fonts are saved in the /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/ directory, those ending with .psfu or .psfu.gz have a Unicode translation map built-in.
as well as linking to a makefile in Git, which cites
cp437.uni as the file to look for.
Like Arch, Debian uses the
kbd package, and likely the same fonts. I do not see "cp437" in the corresponding
console-setup-linux. Likely, the default
cp437 font is compiled into the kernel and not actually a file that you can load.