What is the best way to find out file system information about a file.

For example, if I have a file


And /etc/fstab contains

//server1/Share1 /media/xyz cifs option1=value1,...

How can I determine that the file is on a Samba share, that it has the local path /path/to/file.ext and with what options the file system was mounted?

Is parsing the output of mount a portable solution? Or parse findmnt? Is there a POSIX-compliant way to achieve that?

  • df /path/to/file should show the partition or mount. – thrig Feb 12 '16 at 17:30
  • Thanks @thrig, that makes the first step. What would be the best way to get info like mount options from there? – kba stands with Monica Feb 12 '16 at 17:40
  • On Linux, I can parse /proc/mounts. Is there a BSD/OSX compatible way to achieve the same? – kba stands with Monica Feb 12 '16 at 17:57
  • just by looking at files? you can't! that is the beauty if unix-like operating systems, applications can access them by using path irrespective of their physical location – Edward Torvalds Feb 17 '16 at 10:50
  • @edwardtorvalds No, not just by looking at files, that's why I asked about parsing mount etc. for getting filesystem and options etc. I'm still not sure about the best way to find this information in *BSD and OSX. I haven't had time to work on the library that requires this but will feedback once I do. From what I saw, mount -P seems pretty reliable across Linux/BSD. – kba stands with Monica Feb 17 '16 at 11:10

stat(1) is a portable way to find out some of these information, e.g.:

stat --file-system --format="%T" /media/xyz/path/to/file.ext

Everything else is very OS-specific, on recent Linux systems you can easily use findmnt --output in a script.

  • stat is also os-specific. – don_crissti Mar 10 '16 at 9:47

if I understood your need correctly, and combining bits from previous answers, the following might be what you need. define in script (for example, in your .bashrc)-

findpart ()
df -h $1|sed 1d|cut -d" " -f1|xargs findmnt -n

and then you can run it as needed

findpart /foo/file.ext
  • findmnt doesn't need all that stuff, it can do this all by itself – don_crissti Mar 10 '16 at 9:42
  • theoretically, yes. in practice, i could not get -T to work on centos 6, whereas this solution does. – Gil Shabtai May 9 '16 at 11:37

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