To access the files on a disk, you need to mount the partition where they're stored. Mounting attaches a storage area to a directory; after mounting, the files in that storage area are accessible under that directory. Once the storage is mounted on a directory, just navigate to that directory in Filezilla.
fdisk is telling you that the external disk is split into three partitions, all of them apparently RAID volumes. I write “apparently” because the type indicated on the partition is only a convention, Linux doesn't actually care. It's a bit strange to have a single disk with RAID volumes. To see what's in those volumes, run
file -s /dev/sdb?
Another useful command to see a summary of available storage volumes is
If you indeed have RAID volumes, you'll need to assemble them with
mdadm -A. The command looks like this to assemble a two-disk RAID volume:
mdadm -A /dev/md0 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
Then, to mount it, use the
mount command on an existing directory.
mount /dev/md0 /media/md0
(Picking the same name for the directory under
/media and for the device under
/dev is just a convention.)
It may turn out that you have, in fact, LVM volumes. If so, run
pvdisplay to see a list of known LVM physical volumes (i.e. storage partitions). If the volumes you're looking for aren't listed, run
pvscan and try again. LVM is an abstraction layer between storage volumes and content. Content is stored in logical volumes. To see a list of logical volumes, run
lvdisplay. This will tell you the names of available logical volumes (LV) and the volume groups (VG) that they are in. To mount an LVM logical volume called
mylv in the volume group called
mount /dev/mapper/myvg-mylv /media/mylv
These complications are only necessary if the partitions do not directly contain filesystems. To mount a filesystem on a partition, you only need the
mount command and an existing directory. With RAID and LVM volumes, everything is normally done automatically at boot time, but this doesn't take care of removable drives.
If the partitions contain filesystems,
usbmount sets things up so that they're mounted automatically when the USB drive is inserted. I don't think it can handle RAID or LVM volumes however.
You may also be interested in
pmount which allows mounting USB drives manually by non-root users.
Don't forget to unmount everything before unplugging the drive, otherwise data corruption is likely.