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I have created two live USBs in two separate pendrives:

  • The first one has an ISO image of Debian.
  • The second one has an ISO image of Fedora.

Equal conditions

  • My laptop: Aspire V11 Touch (aka V3 112P P2E7)
  • My boot manager: InsydeH2O Setup Utility Rev 5.0
  • Commands to create the live-USB:
    • create gtp partition table
    • format to fat32 filesystem
    • dd if=path-to-iso-source of=/dev/sdX

This seems to be in line with what I consulted in the Debian documentation, namely 3.6.3. Systems with UEFI firmware and 4.3. Preparing Files for USB Memory Stick Booting.

Aim

To bootstrap the laptop with a live version of Debian or Fedora by using the respective pendrive.

Issue description

  • The boot loader does not even recognize that a stick is plugged into the port with the Debian image. Hence no booting from it.
  • With Fedora, no problem.

Settings proven not to be relevant

  • UEFI/Legacy mode
  • Secure/Not Secure boot

Although the suggestion to downgrade these options seems to be almost commonplace, my issue is independent of those.

  • Fedora works well with the standard settings (UEFI + Secure Mode)
  • Debian does not work with any combination allowed by the boot loader.

See this post on superuser for early explorations of this problem.

First diagnosis

Therefore I came to the conclusion that the problem resides in the ISO images. Below I compare their directory trees of them. I suspect that the Debian image lacks an EFI directory that Fedora has.

Working: Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-23-10.iso

Source here

Directory tree:

<path to USB> ├── EFI │   └── BOOT ├── isolinux └── LiveOS

Not working: debian-live-8.2.0-amd64-gnome-desktop.iso

Source here

Directory tree:

<path to USB> ├── debian -> . ├── dists │ ├── jessie │ ├── stable -> jessie │ ├── testing -> jessie │ └── unstable -> jessie ├── install │ └── gtk ├── isolinux ├── live ├── pool │ └── main └── tools

Questions

Was my attempt ill-fated because I picked an inappropriate Debian ISO image from the repository? If so, could you please point me in the direction of guidelines on which one to choose?

How can I create a Debian ISO image that has the same capabilities as the Fedora one?

This problem will be sorted out when the boot loader

  • recognizes that a memory stick is in place;
  • accepts booting from that memory stick.

Thanks for helping out.

  • try this maybe: unix.stackexchange.com/questions/382817/… – vizzy Jan 16 '18 at 16:55
  • @vizzy Thanks for the tip; in the meantime I had given up with installing Debian and stayed with Ubuntu. Hopefully, this post can be fruitful in the future, for me reviewing the issue and anyone else approaching it. – XavierStuvw Jan 16 '18 at 19:14

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