This question is an exact duplicate of:
I know that specifics are what get answers, but unfortunately here's where I'm at. I don't fully understand how the linux system works and operates. I do enjoy it because I feel like there are so many options. I get a lot more control over what I do/can do vs when on a windows machine.
I can't get any audio on my distro since upgrading. Before the update, I had the option to raise and lower my volume, but now the option is gone or incomplete looking. In the gui for the audio settings, it does not list anything as an output option. My laptop's soundcard isn't listed, my earphones/headphones don't show up when I'm plugged in, and I can't plug into speakers to get any audio. Does anyone know the next step?
I've tried a few different things people have recommended online with no avail, and I don't remember the different things I tried exactly, so if you give me options, even if I've already tried it, it'll be very appreciated. When I run Kali live, it DOES have audio so I know I messed up my system somehow. I just don't know how to figure out where I went wrong exactly because there were 400 updates available.
(I've edited this to include the list of my sources that were used to update/upgrade my distro)