I have a list of words such as:


How do I convert them these words in such manner that output could be used as a JS array, i.e. "String1", "String2"..., "String12312" --- in other words how do I add quotation marks and commas? I understand this an be done in shell, but I guess any other solution would be okay as long as the result can be converted into an array.

  • This "list of words", where are they? in a file? a variable? – glenn jackman Dec 24 '15 at 15:50

Here's one way:

sed 's/^\|$/"/g' file | paste -d, -s
  • 6
    Or its POSIX equivalent: sed 's/.*/"&"/' file | paste -sd , - – Stéphane Chazelas Dec 24 '15 at 17:01

If you don't affraid the comma at the end of line you can use

printf '"%b", ' $(<file)

which outputs

"string1", "string2", "string3", "....", "string12312",
  • (assuming $IFS has its default value and those strings don't contain any of those $IFS characters, and that they don't contain globbing characters. That's one case where you're using the split+glob operator but forgot to tune it to your need). – Stéphane Chazelas Dec 24 '15 at 22:41

Using Awk:

awk '{printf "\"%s\", ", $0}' file
  • you answered it too! so merry christmas again! – mikeserv Dec 25 '15 at 0:04
xargs printf '"%s", ' <file

...will work with your example data:

"string1", "string2", "string3", "....", "string12312",
  • 1
    Merry Christmas, sed maniac! :) – jasonwryan Dec 24 '15 at 23:55
  • @jasonwryan - i rather like that one. it's catchy. and it beats asshole. and to you, anyway. – mikeserv Dec 24 '15 at 23:59

Could always just turn it into a JSON array:

#!/usr/bin/env perl
use strict;
use warnings;

use JSON;

chomp ( my @data = <DATA> ); 
print to_json ( \@data );


Or as a one liner:

perl -MJSON -e 'print to_json ( [map{s/\n//gr}<>] )'

Pipe on stdin or specify a filename (like grep/awk etc.)

Both output (the latter when fed your example):


Can format it as 'pretty' JSON with print to_json ( \@data, {pretty=>1}) which'll add linefeeds and indentation.

(that one liner above is based on a newer perl that you might have installed. If that doesn't work: perl -MJSON -e 'chomp(@a=<>);print to_json ( \@a )'

  • You probably want chomp(@a = <>) in the oneliner – glenn jackman Dec 24 '15 at 17:27
  • Yes, true. Although I've had a slightly better idea. – Sobrique Dec 24 '15 at 18:40

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