I use full disk encryption which uses an LVM. It uses like this in lsblk:

NAME                                          MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
sda                                             8:0    0 465,8G  0 disk  
├─sda1                                          8:1    0   200M  0 part  /boot/efi
├─sda2                                          8:2    0   500M  0 part  /boot
└─sda3                                          8:3    0 465,1G  0 part  
  └─luks-3f530000-b2c3-4ba3-9e85-1a96494cc25d 253:0    0 465,1G  0 crypt 
    ├─fedora_martin--friese-root              253:1    0    50G  0 lvm   /
    ├─fedora_martin--friese-swap              253:2    0   7,8G  0 lvm   [SWAP]
    └─fedora_martin--friese-home              253:3    0 407,3G  0 lvm   /home

The same setup I had with Ubuntu for several non-LTE releases as well. On the first installation, it worked fine on both Ubuntu (say 14.10) and now Fedora 22. When I upgraded the Ubuntu I occasionally had with issue (around 15.04 I'd say). On Fedora 22 it was not a problem until the upgrade to Fedora 23. Now I have the A stop job is running errors.

In total there a couple errors that cycle through (except that the time is increasing):

  • (1 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / 1min 30s)
  • (2 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / 1min 30s)
  • (3 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / 1min 30s)
  • (4 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / 1min 30s)
  • (5 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / 1min 30s)
  • More of them. I did not get to make pictures of all of them. But with the pattern I assume that number 6 and 7 are the same type.
  • (8 of 8) A stop job is running for LVM PV NVB… on /dev/dm-0 (20 s / no limit)

The last one has no time limit, which is interesting. After the timeout is over, it dumps a couple more messages and leaves me with the following:


From the last line it seems that it cannot properly unmount and luksClose the encrypted volumes.

My setup is just plain Awesome WM (and has been that on Fedora 22 as well). I usually log off in Awesome wM and then click the poweroff button in SDDM, the display manager. That way I do not have to enter systemctl poweroff and I have the hope that all my user programs are closed before the shutdown starts.

What can I do to find the thing that blocks the proper closing of the LVM crypto devices?

Update 2016-01-05

I have uploaded a log from the whole shutdown. In the end it does say that it was not able to close the device as it was busy but I do not see why it has been busy. What is the cause for this?

  • 1
    I've the same problem on Debian Stretch. Feb 3, 2016 at 14:01
  • Do you use VirtualBox? I sometimes see that the first job is actually something about installation of kmods and VirtualBox has one of those. Feb 3, 2016 at 17:20
  • Nope. It's a pure vanilla Debian from their current Stretch netinst with updates applied. It's running on a Dell XPS 13 9350 so maybe some issues with the nvme support or something. It's running GNOME btw, not sure if GNOME programs have the privileges to create this sort of headache, maybe GDM or whatever. Feb 5, 2016 at 18:33
  • I've never encountered this problem when I just type reboot from a root shell in text mode, but I do get an error if I type reboot from a root shell in GNOME. It's probably supposed to be systemctl reboot or something. Feb 5, 2016 at 18:37

1 Answer 1


This seems related to https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1299178. If I read this properly it's because the setup of LVM on top of encrypted device isn't well supported by systemd !? This surprises me because, well, it seems like an obvious setup to me. Encrypt a big partition, then split it into as many logical partitions as desired, seems easier than the other way around...

  • Yes, it's not like I had invented this, the Fedora installer (Anaconda) did that setup for me. So I doubt that I am the only one using this configuration. The bug report is interesting, thanks for pointing me to it. Aug 30, 2017 at 20:28

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