I'm facing this problem - when I ssh to the server, the user is authenticated correctly, but then the connection is closed with:

Could not chdir to home directory /home/blazej: No such file or directory.

getent passwd blazej shows:



# Begin SFTP-Server block
Match Group sftp
    ChrootDirectory %h
    AllowTCPForwarding no
    X11Forwarding no
#    ForceCommand internal-sftp // This is commented not to force sfto on `sftp` group - I want to be able to ssh with users in `sftp` group
    PasswordAuthentication yes
# End SFTP-Server block

luqo33 user belongs to groups: blazej, sftp

I do not see why ssh'ing with blazej user would fail. On the other habd, sftp works as expected and logs the user to his home dir /home/blazej.

Do you have any idea why I ssh'ing in the terminal fails?

Further details:

ls -la in /home/blazej :

root@host:/home/blazej# ls -la

total 32
drwxr-x--- 5 root   sftp     4096 Nov 21 09:00 .
drwxr-xr-x 5 root   root     4096 Nov 21 09:00 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 blazej blazej    220 Apr  8  2014 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r-- 1 blazej blazej   3637 Apr  8  2014 .bashrc
drwxr-x--- 2 blazej www-data 4096 Nov 21 09:00 exports
drwxr-x--- 2 blazej www-data 4096 Nov 21 09:00 imports
drwxr-x--- 2 blazej www-data 4096 Nov 21 09:00 other
-rw-r--r-- 1 blazej blazej    675 Apr  8  2014 .profile
  • ls -la /home/blazej please Nov 21, 2015 at 15:05
  • @RuiFRibeiro, I've updated my question
    – luqo33
    Nov 21, 2015 at 15:13
  • The user blazej does not own the directory, it does not look right. Nov 21, 2015 at 15:23
  • I'd be more worried about the lack of a shell in the getent output.
    – thrig
    Nov 21, 2015 at 15:46
  • @RuiFRibeiro which directory doesn't the user blazej own?
    – luqo33
    Nov 21, 2015 at 15:54

2 Answers 2


I do not see why ssh'ing with blazej user would fail.

The user is chroot-ed to his home directory (%h is his home directory). This means that consequent cd will fail, since the root is for the process /home/blazej and there is no /home/blazej/home/blazej.

  • This seems a bit strange. What's the way out then?
    – luqo33
    Nov 21, 2015 at 15:58
  • @luqo33 You can try to pass -d / to sftp-server in your sshd_config. It may help.
    – Jakuje
    Nov 21, 2015 at 16:03
  • @Jakuje I do not really see how the system would try to chroot to /home/blazej/home/blazej. A user's home dir is an an absolute path home/blazej. %h would also be am absolute directory. It'd not matter where cd would be executed.
    – luqo33
    Nov 21, 2015 at 16:41
  • 1
    Have a look on the manual page for chroot to understand this part. It is crucial. Chroot changes root, as advised by name. So after that, user will see absolute directory /home/blazej as / and than the chdir will try to change to /home/blazej again, but from the new root, which will effectively end in the described path.
    – Jakuje
    Nov 21, 2015 at 16:45

I had the same problem right know. In order to fix this I set

ChrootDirectory /home/%u

and changed the user's home directory with

usermod -d / <user>

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