I am writing a very basic shell for my school. Even thought commands like "pwd" or "date" works when i try "ls" it shows me that "ls: No such file or directory error"

The code of my shell is bellow:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int main()
int i;
char *line=(char *) malloc(1024*sizeof(char));

 while (1) {
   /* Print the command prompt */
   printf("$ ");
   fflush(stdout); /* Anagazei na trexei thn printf
   /* Read a command line */
   fgets(line, 1024, stdin);
  //printf("%s", line);
   pid_t pid = fork(); /* Dhmiourgei paidi. antigrafo diergasias. */
     if (pid==0){

     else waitpid(pid,0,0);

  • Looks like ls can not be found in the shells working directory. Try using the full path to ls like /bin/ls
    – Lambert
    Nov 19, 2015 at 10:43
  • No it doesn't work either. This is what shows up : /bin/ls: cannot access : No such file or directory Nov 19, 2015 at 10:47
  • This worked for me too. But it is not the solution. Nov 19, 2015 at 11:00

1 Answer 1


Please read the man page for execlp carefully:

The list of arguments must be terminated by a NULL pointer, and, since these are variadic functions, this pointer must be cast (char *) NULL.

Using this line works for me:

execlp(line,line, (char*) NULL);

Your code also gave a warning for exactly this line (using GCC):

a.c: In function ‘main’:
a.c:26:12: warning: not enough variable arguments to fit a sentinel [-Wformat=]
  • Thank you so much. Since i am a rookie this helped a lot. have a nice day. Nov 19, 2015 at 10:57

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