8

I am using a RedHat linux environment where I do not have root permissions (I am on a paid server account).

Every time I try to run "./configure" on a new package that I am trying to set up and install, I run into an issue because of a problem with the C compiler and/or gcc.

My main problem has been trying to install python locally so that I can install certain Python tools like Flask and Pip. Here is the error message when I try running Python's "./configure" :

checking for --with-universal-archs... 32-bit
checking MACHDEP... linux2
checking EXTRAPLATDIR...
checking machine type as reported by uname -m... x86_64
checking for --without-gcc... no
checking for gcc... gcc
checking for C compiler default output file name...
configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables
See `config.log' for more details.

Here are the contents of the config.log file:

    This file contains any messages produced by compilers while
    running configure, to aid debugging if configure makes a mistake.

    It was created by python configure 2.6, which was
    generated by GNU Autoconf 2.61.  Invocation command line was

      $ ./configure

    ## --------- ##
    ## Platform. ##
    ## --------- ##

    hostname = marten.arvixe.com
    uname -m = x86_64
    uname -r = 2.6.32-573.7.1.el6.x86_64
    uname -s = Linux
    uname -v = #1 SMP Tue Sep 22 22:00:00 UTC 2015

    /usr/bin/uname -p = unknown
    /bin/uname -X     = unknown

    /bin/arch              = x86_64
    /usr/bin/arch -k       = unknown
    /usr/convex/getsysinfo = unknown
    /usr/bin/hostinfo      = unknown
    /bin/machine           = unknown
    /usr/bin/oslevel       = unknown
    /bin/universe          = unknown

    PATH: /usr/local/jdk/bin
    PATH: /usr/lib64/qt-3.3/bin
    PATH: /home/midgar77/perl5/bin
    PATH: /usr/local/bin
    PATH: /bin
    PATH: /usr/bin
    PATH: /usr/local/sbin
    PATH: /usr/sbin
    PATH: /sbin
    PATH: /usr/local/easy/bin
    PATH: /usr/local/bin
    PATH: /usr/X11R6/bin
    PATH: /home/midgar77/bin


    ## ----------- ##
    ## Core tests. ##
    ## ----------- ##

    configure:1904: checking for --with-universal-archs
    configure:1923: result: 32-bit
    configure:2055: checking MACHDEP
    configure:2219: result: linux2
    configure:2225: checking EXTRAPLATDIR
    configure:2240: result:
    configure:2251: checking machine type as reported by uname -m
    configure:2254: result: x86_64
    configure:2267: checking for --without-gcc
    configure:2316: result: no
    configure:2377: checking for gcc
    configure:2393: found /usr/bin/gcc
    configure:2404: result: gcc
    configure:2642: checking for C compiler version
    configure:2649: gcc --version >&5
    gcc (GCC) 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-11)
    Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
    warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

    configure:2652: $? = 0
    configure:2659: gcc -v >&5
    Using built-in specs.
    Target: x86_64-redhat-linux
    Configured with: ../configure --prefix=/usr --mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info --with-bugurl=http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla --enable-bootstrap --enable-shared --enable-threads=posix --enable-checking=release --with-system-zlib --enable-__cxa_atexit --disable-libunwind-exceptions --enable-gnu-unique-object --enable-languages=c,c++,objc,obj-c++,java,fortran,ada --enable-java-awt=gtk --disable-dssi --with-java-home=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-gcj-1.5.0.0/jre --enable-libgcj-multifile --enable-java-maintainer-mode --with-ecj-jar=/usr/share/java/eclipse-ecj.jar --disable-libjava-multilib --with-ppl --with-cloog --with-tune=generic --with-arch_32=i686 --build=x86_64-redhat-linux
    Thread model: posix
    gcc version 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-11) (GCC)
    configure:2662: $? = 0
    configure:2669: gcc -V >&5
    gcc: '-V' option must have argument
    configure:2672: $? = 1
    configure:2695: checking for C compiler default output file name
    configure:2722: gcc    conftest.c  >&5
    gcc: error trying to exec 'as': execvp: Permission denied
    configure:2725: $? = 1
    configure:2763: result:
    configure: failed program was:
    | /* confdefs.h.  */
    | #define _GNU_SOURCE 1
    | #define _NETBSD_SOURCE 1
    | #define __BSD_VISIBLE 1
    | #define _BSD_TYPES 1
    | #define _DARWIN_C_SOURCE 1
    | #define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
    | #define _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED 1
    | #define _POSIX_C_SOURCE 200112L
    | /* end confdefs.h.  */
    |
    | int
    | main ()
    | {
    |
    |   ;
    |   return 0;
    | }
    configure:2770: error: C compiler cannot create executables
    See `config.log' for more details.

    ## ---------------- ##
    ## Cache variables. ##
    ## ---------------- ##

    ac_cv_env_CC_set=
    ac_cv_env_CC_value=
    ac_cv_env_CFLAGS_set=
    ac_cv_env_CFLAGS_value=
    ac_cv_env_CPPFLAGS_set=
    ac_cv_env_CPPFLAGS_value=
    ac_cv_env_CPP_set=
    ac_cv_env_CPP_value=
    ac_cv_env_LDFLAGS_set=
    ac_cv_env_LDFLAGS_value=
    ac_cv_env_LIBS_set=
    ac_cv_env_LIBS_value=
    ac_cv_env_build_alias_set=
    ac_cv_env_build_alias_value=
    ac_cv_env_host_alias_set=
    ac_cv_env_host_alias_value=
    ac_cv_env_target_alias_set=
    ac_cv_env_target_alias_value=
    ac_cv_prog_ac_ct_CC=gcc

    ## ----------------- ##
    ## Output variables. ##
    ## ----------------- ##

    AR=''
    ARCH_RUN_32BIT=''
    BASECFLAGS=''
    BLDLIBRARY=''
    BLDSHARED=''
    BUILDEXEEXT=''
    CC='gcc'
    CCSHARED=''
    CFLAGS=''
    CFLAGSFORSHARED=''
    CONFIGURE_MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=''
    CONFIG_ARGS=''
    CPP=''
    CPPFLAGS=''
    CXX=''
    DEFS=''
    DLINCLDIR=''
    DLLLIBRARY=''
    DYNLOADFILE=''
    ECHO_C=''
    ECHO_N='-n'
    ECHO_T=''
    EGREP=''
    EXEEXT=''
    EXPORT_MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET='#'
    EXTRAMACHDEPPATH=''
    EXTRAPLATDIR=''
    FRAMEWORKALTINSTALLFIRST=''
    FRAMEWORKALTINSTALLLAST=''
    FRAMEWORKINSTALLFIRST=''
    FRAMEWORKINSTALLLAST=''
    FRAMEWORKUNIXTOOLSPREFIX='/usr/local'
    GREP=''
    HAVE_GETHOSTBYNAME=''
    HAVE_GETHOSTBYNAME_R=''
    HAVE_GETHOSTBYNAME_R_3_ARG=''
    HAVE_GETHOSTBYNAME_R_5_ARG=''
    HAVE_GETHOSTBYNAME_R_6_ARG=''
    INSTALL_DATA=''
    INSTALL_PROGRAM=''
    INSTALL_SCRIPT=''
    INSTSONAME=''
    LDFLAGS=''
    LDLAST=''
    LDLIBRARY=''
    LDLIBRARYDIR=''
    LDSHARED=''
    LIBC=''
    LIBM=''
    LIBOBJS=''
    LIBRARY=''
    LIBS=''
    LIBTOOL_CRUFT=''
    LINKCC=''
    LINKFORSHARED=''
    LN=''
    LTLIBOBJS=''
    MACHDEP='linux2'
    MACHDEP_OBJS=''
    MAINCC=''
    OBJEXT=''
    OPT=''
    OTHER_LIBTOOL_OPT=''
    PACKAGE_BUGREPORT='http://www.python.org/python-bugs'
    PACKAGE_NAME='python'
    PACKAGE_STRING='python 2.6'
    PACKAGE_TARNAME='python'
    PACKAGE_VERSION='2.6'
    PATH_SEPARATOR=':'
    PYTHONFRAMEWORK=''
    PYTHONFRAMEWORKDIR='no-framework'
    PYTHONFRAMEWORKIDENTIFIER='org.python.python'
    PYTHONFRAMEWORKINSTALLDIR=''
    PYTHONFRAMEWORKPREFIX=''
    RANLIB=''
    RUNSHARED=''
    SGI_ABI=''
    SHELL='/bin/sh'
    SHLIBS=''
    SIGNAL_OBJS=''
    SO=''
    SOVERSION='1.0'
    SRCDIRS=''
    SVNVERSION=''
    THREADHEADERS=''
    THREADOBJ=''
    TRUE=''
    UNICODE_OBJS=''
    UNIVERSALSDK=''
    UNIVERSAL_ARCH_FLAGS=''
    USE_SIGNAL_MODULE=''
    USE_THREAD_MODULE=''
    VERSION='2.6'
    ac_ct_CC='gcc'
    bindir='${exec_prefix}/bin'
    build_alias=''
    datadir='${datarootdir}'
    datarootdir='${prefix}/share'
    docdir='${datarootdir}/doc/${PACKAGE_TARNAME}'
    dvidir='${docdir}'
    exec_prefix='NONE'
    host_alias=''
    htmldir='${docdir}'
    includedir='${prefix}/include'
    infodir='${datarootdir}/info'
    libdir='${exec_prefix}/lib'
    libexecdir='${exec_prefix}/libexec'
    localedir='${datarootdir}/locale'
    localstatedir='${prefix}/var'
    mandir='${datarootdir}/man'
    oldincludedir='/usr/include'
    pdfdir='${docdir}'
    prefix='NONE'
    program_transform_name='s,x,x,'
    psdir='${docdir}'
    sbindir='${exec_prefix}/sbin'
    sharedstatedir='${prefix}/com'
    sysconfdir='${prefix}/etc'
    target_alias=''

    ## ----------- ##
    ## confdefs.h. ##
    ## ----------- ##

    #define _GNU_SOURCE 1
    #define _NETBSD_SOURCE 1
    #define __BSD_VISIBLE 1
    #define _BSD_TYPES 1
    #define _DARWIN_C_SOURCE 1
    #define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
    #define _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED 1
    #define _POSIX_C_SOURCE 200112L

    configure: exit 77

Does anybody know what the issue is here? Is there something wrong with my gcc setup? Am I missing a required library somewhere? I am using gcc version 4.4.7

1
  • I have the same issue on RHEL 7. May 31, 2017 at 16:18

2 Answers 2

4

The actual error line in the log is:

gcc: error trying to exec 'as': execvp: Permission denied

The problem is probably that you have a file as in your PATH that is not the "real" assembler, normally in /bin/as. Change your PATH so that /bin and /usr/bin are first in the list, before your current order of /usr/local/jdk/bin /usr/lib64/qt-3.3/bin /home/midgar77/perl5/bin and /usr/local/bin.

1
  • as is a compiler package, and the error clearly states that it is found but the user has no permission to use it. this answer makes no sense.
    – switch87
    Nov 23, 2021 at 11:07
-1

This error is due to

configure:2695: checking for C compiler default output file name
    configure:2722: gcc    conftest.c  >&5
    gcc: error trying to exec 'as': execvp: Permission denied

It is a known problem on Ubuntu systems, see the AskUbuntu ussue below. (I know the OP is using RedHat) The system administrator should be contacted to change the permissions to make the compiler work as expected:

Why are the permissions on /usr/bin/x86_64-linux-gnu-as set to 750?

6
  • 1
    What's a "system file", and what type of access would one need for it? Why would using sudo be required for building a piece of software? Usually, sudo would only ever be required if the software was to be installed in a location that is not writable by non-root users (and the user in this question does not get that far). Using sudo just because one gets "permission denied" is a less than ideal security policy. It would be better to understand why the error occurs, and how to solve it properly, so that building the software can be done without sudo (as is commonly the case).
    – they
    Nov 22, 2021 at 15:21
  • @they He is probably right, see this question: askubuntu.com/questions/1119264/…
    – switch87
    Nov 23, 2021 at 8:44
  • 1
    @switch87 but the OP was using RHEL, not Ubuntu. In any case, using sudo is wrong here, and the correct fix for the problem you’re referring to would be to fix the permissions. Nov 23, 2021 at 9:59
  • @StephenKitt Apparently the problem is also there in RHEL and is probably a bug in the compiler package not linked to a distribution. But to solve it, in any case, you need root permissions. If this should not be is not the question here. It is what it is untill it is fixed at the root of the problem. so the answer that you need sudo permissions is right.
    – switch87
    Nov 23, 2021 at 11:06
  • @switch87 given that GCC needs a working as to build itself, I very much doubt this could be a “bug in the compiler package not linked to a distribution”; in fact it wouldn’t likely be a bug in distribution-specific packages either (although technically, one could build a GCC package, ship that, and then build a broken binutils package; but for both RHEL and Ubuntu to do so without realising...). But the point I’m objecting to is that the answer seems to suggest using sudo to run ./configure, which isn’t a good idea. Nov 23, 2021 at 12:17

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