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When I change directories in the Ubuntu terminal the full path of the directory is displayed. How can I change it so that only the current directory I am working in is displayed?

username@computer:directory$ is what I want it to look like. I found elsewhere that I should edit the variable PS1 in the .bashrc file, but I have no idea to what.

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  • Whats the output of echo "$PS1" ?
    – heemayl
    Sep 20 '15 at 20:15
  • [\e]0;\u@\h: \w\a]${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$
    – dantastic
    Sep 20 '15 at 20:17
  • Comments are not chat. If someone asks for clarification, then edit the question to make it clearer. Sep 20 '15 at 21:25
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Change \w to \W in your $PS1.

So, your ~/.bashrc should contain something like:

PS1='[\e]0;\u@\h: \W\a]${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\W\$'

See man bash, section PROMPTING, for list of all escape sequences supported by bash and their meaning.

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  • If this answer works for you, then click the tick . Sep 20 '15 at 21:26
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Change the last \w to \W of PS1 environment variable.

From man bash :

\w : the current working directory, with $HOME abbreviated with a tilde (uses the value of the PROMPT_DIRTRIM variable)

\W : the basename of the current working directory, with $HOME abbreviated with a tilde

So you need :

PS1='[\e]0;\u@\h: \w\a]${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\W\$ '

In ~/.bashrc, there is this snippet :

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
else
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
    ;;
*)
    ;;
esac

you can basically change the \ws to \Ws or you can selectively change matching your needs. otherwise you can put your desired PS1 value at the end of the ~/.bashrc file to override them all. As upon starting of a login shell ~/.profile sources ~/.bashrc it will be available in all login and non-login interactive sessions.

If you want to make it applicable to all users you should look at /etc/bash.bashrc and remove the relevant PS1 snippets from individual ~/.bashrc files.

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