What I'm asking is a little bit specific, and might be a different than other autocomplete questions on Unix Stackexchange.

Suppose I have a directory that looks like this

-rw-r--r-- 1 hlin117 staff 1.1K Sep 19 13:05 doc.aux
-rw-r--r-- 1 hlin117 staff  26K Sep 19 13:05 doc.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 hlin117 staff 177K Sep 19 13:05 doc.pdf
-rw-r--r-- 1 hlin117 staff  13K Sep 19 13:01 doc.tex

It makes very little sense to try doing vim doc.pdf, and in the common case, I wouldn't be doing vim doc.log or vim doc.aux. Instead, I'd often do

vim doc.tex

Unfortunately, tab-autocomplete will suggest to me all 4 files instead of only doc.tex.

Is there a way where I could type vim \t, and this would ignore some certain files in my directory?

More generally, can I type command X \t, and write some setting where typing command X will ignore files in my directory?

FYI: I use zsh. Not sure whether bash and zsh will have similar solutions.


In zsh, with the “new” completion system (i.e. if you have compinit in your .zshrc), use the file-patterns style.

zstyle ':completion:*:*:vim:*' file-patterns '^*.(aux|log|pdf):source-files' '*:all-files'

Files matching the pattern *.(aux|log|pdf) will only be completed on the vim command line if there would otherwise be no completion.

You can use a pattern for the command name, in particular * to match all commands except the ones that are matched explicitly.

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  • Cool. Any way to do this with a whitelist instead of a blacklist? – lindhe Mar 7 '17 at 9:34
  • @lindhe The ^ at the beginning of the pattern means “all except what follows”. – Gilles 'SO- stop being evil' Mar 7 '17 at 12:14
  • Oh, I thought it was the "start of line" character. Nice. And that would work similarly -- prioritizing .tex, but giving the others if there is no tex available? – lindhe Mar 7 '17 at 12:24
  • I tried it, and with only *.(tex) as argument, it does not do any suggestions form me. With *.tex it only suggests .tex files. I want it to prioritize tex, not completely ignore the others. :/ – lindhe Mar 7 '17 at 12:29
  • OK, no, sorry. You are right. It works as intended. :) Thanks. – lindhe Mar 7 '17 at 12:35

Adding to this because I don't use zsh, and there is much more general option.

Just place in your .bashrc a line using the linux builtin command complete; for example

complete -f -X '*.@(aux|log|pdf)' -o plusdirs vim

where -f will complete filenames, -X filters out matching patterns from the possible choices with a glob string, and -o plusdirs will afterward add subdirectories to the list. Since I often have many other files with the same basename as my .tex file, I currently use

complete -f -X '*.@(pdf|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|eps|dvi|pdf|ps|svg|nc)' -o plusdirs vim

which disables tab-completing for graphics and structured data files. Otherwise, I have a custom latex-compiling function that deletes all the auxiliary files generated after every typeset.

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