How to create the character device files?
I have tried
cat > xxx^c
But I can't create a character device file
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You can create device file using of
mknod command provided by linux.
mknod <name> <type of device c:- character b:- block device etc> <major> <minor>
mknod test_device c 89 1
for you case you have to provide c , as you are creating character device file. After creating device file you also have to change permissions of file if you want to manipulate file in future.
mknod <name> c <major> <minor>
Read 'linux device drivers' (free book) to understand all details about what is character device.
Find the character device number in
For character devices that dynamically allocate device numbers, which is the norm to avoid conflicts, find the number with
cat /proc/devices, which contains lines like:
insmod /device_name.ko dev="device_name" major="$(grep "$dev" /proc/devices | cut -d ' ' -f 1)" mknod "/dev/$dev" c "$major" 0
Here's an example that also contains a module for you to try out: Understanding character device (or character special) files
It may be worth looking at the lofi command to see if it fits your purpose
from the description in the man page
"The lofi file driver exports a file as a block device"
Example I just tried
mkfile -n 512k test_file sudo lofiadm -a ~a6098/test_file /dev/lofi/1 ls -l /dev/lofi/1 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 29 Sep 18 14:33 /dev/lofi/1 -> ../../devices/pseudo/lofi@0:1 ls -l /devices/pseudo/lofi@0:1 brw------- 1 root sys 147, 1 Sep 18 14:33 /devices/pseudo/lofi@0:1
When you have a cpio file with "character special file specified within", then you will need to use root to unpack (sudo cpio -idmv) otherwise the character special file will not be created.
So yes, another way to create character special file (by copying from existing character special file):
a. Create the file listing the files to be copied:
b. create the cpio file itself (must be running as root):
(note that "cpio -it" is just to list and verify)
c. from the cpio file, recreate the character file in another directory:
(here running as root is necessary, and we can see that "cpio" itself is using mknod command to create the special files).