I know I can use top to view the overall real-time CPU & Memory usage,
and nload for overall real-time bandwidth usage.

But I wish to view the maximum(or average) CPU, Memory, & bandwidth usage of a program after its running.
Just like time my_command did in program time spend estimation.

Is there a brief way to do that in Linux/Unix?

  • There is a program thats called htop that provides a more graphical interpretation of top.. Not sure if it has everything your looking for but definitely worth investigating..
    – ryekayo
    Commented Sep 1, 2015 at 13:37

1 Answer 1


If the system supports process accounting, and accounting is enabled, then there may be records available in the process accounting file, e.g. on RedHat Linux:

$ grep -q BSD_PROCESS_ACCT=y /boot/config-* && echo hooray
$ sudo touch /var/log/pacct
$ sudo accton /var/log/pacct
$ sudo accton   # turn it off

Parsing the acct(5) file is left as an exercise to the reader.

However, this is global, so may not be suitable for a system with a heavy load of new process creation. Per-process, the getrusage(2) call should yield CPU and memory stats, possibly via a wrapper with the RUSAGE_CHILDREN flag to report on child processes you are interested in.

Network bandwidth may be more difficult to obtain, especially on a per-process basis.

Other tools, such as DTrace or Ftrace may also be of interest.

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