I'm trying to use calibre2opds to put my library on my server (fedora21). Everything works fine, I can navigate, until I want to download an epub.

I get en error 403:

You don't have permission to access /Anonyme/Le Livre Sans Nom (41)/Le Livre Sans Nom - Anonyme.epub on this server.

I access the server by Calibre2ops put everything in


The HTML files are put by calibre2opds in


and the actual epubs in, for instance

/mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/Anonyme/Le Livre Sans Nom (41)/Le Livre Sans Nom - Anonyme.epub

and the httpd file looks like

Alias /calibre /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/_catalog
<Directory /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/_catalog>
AllowOverride All
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
Require all granted

I did it before, even with an .htaccess and it worked before, but now, I have no idea what is wrong. The permissions on /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre are 770, and chown by me:www-users

After more research, I found in the error log:

[Mon Jun 22 21:06:59.774348 2015] [authz_core:error] [pid 10805] [client] AH01630: client denied by server configuration: /var/www/html/Anonyme, referer:

Why does it try to read the epub in /var/www/html??

  • Read your error again: /Anonyme/Le Livre Sans Nom (41)/Le Livre Sans Nom - Anonyme.epub on this server. Your entire path must be owned by www-user not just your alias. Try chown -Rv www-user:www-user /Anonyme
    – eyoung100
    Jun 22 '15 at 0:49
  • hi. This doesn't change anything, I chown apache:www-users the whole /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre . It seems logical, since the permissions are already 770. (and 777 doesn't change this behavior)
    – Napseis
    Jun 22 '15 at 18:35
  • Would you please verify the owner of at least one epub file in the Le Livre Sans Nom (41) directory?
    – eyoung100
    Jun 22 '15 at 18:38
  • Yes, here it is: -rwxr--r-- 1 napseis www-users 1,2M 21 juin 21:29 /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/Anonyme/Le Livre Sans Nom (41)/Le Livre Sans Nom - Anonyme.epub
    – Napseis
    Jun 22 '15 at 18:51
  • As I suspected napseis is not www-users. You need to either rerun the command I gave above, so that the owner is www-users along with the group www-users or to shorcut, you can add the user napseis to the group www-users. On a side note, make sure the www-users user exist. There is a typo in my original command. Be sure to add an s to the end of both sets of user.
    – eyoung100
    Jun 22 '15 at 18:57

First off, see the DistrosDefaultLayout - Fedora entry on the Apache Wiki

Looks like you may need to add a Document Root (to override the default), and since you aren't serving files from the default root, a ServerRoot (again to override the default):

Alias /calibre /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/_catalog
ServerRoot "/calibre"
# Ensure that Apache listens on port 80
Listen 80
<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/Anonyme/"
    ServerName mypubs.local

# Other directives here
<Directory /mnt/Sardaukar/web/calibre/_catalog>
    AllowOverride All
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    Require all granted

This should make the Entire path read {ServerRoot} + {DocumentRoot}, or {Alias /calibre} + Anonyme


For Security Reasons, Apache does not allow directory traversal outside the ServerRoot. Your link to all your books wasn't a valid path in ServerRoot. Therefore, I had to tell Apache where your server was being "served" If none of this makes sense Read this great in-depth article over on Slicehost. Since Gentoo isn't your distribution use the Linux Distros Link in the Navigation to find the same article I linked for your particular distribution. As a matter of learning and practice, I would keep your epubs in a safe place, and do the following:

  1. Delete my hackish httpd.conf file.
  2. Follow the guide I linked to enable/configure Virtual Hosting Properly.
  3. Add your epubs to the VirtualHost Configuration you created in Step #2.
  • Thank you, the conf file your provided wasn't correct, but your explanations helped me a lot, and now it works !
    – Napseis
    Jul 1 '15 at 18:48
  • @Napseis Great!! If you like, would you provide your fixed conf file, either in your question or here...
    – eyoung100
    Jul 1 '15 at 18:56

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