I have output that I need to export to a file. Then I need to call this file to run the script in it. Another condition would be to run the last query or instruction after 15mins. See code below:

sort -r ${TEMPRESULT2} | sed -e "s/^/DELETE BACKUP /g" | sed -e "s/$/ NOWARNING/g"




[pause then run after 15mins]


the final backup id can only run once all other backupids are done

  • Your output files do not contain valid bash syntax, but something like SQL statements. I guess with 'running' you mean something like mysql < outputfile.sql or something? Could you add these details? Jun 5, 2015 at 10:29

2 Answers 2


You have two different sequence of command to be executed at two different times. The most logical solution would therefore be to put these command in two different files:

TEMPRESULT3=$(sort -r ${TEMPRESULT2} | sed -e "s/^/DELETE BACKUP /g" | sed -e "s/$/ NOWARNING/g")

# Put all lines except the last one in a first script:
echo "$TEMPRESULT3" | head -n -1 >"path/to/first-script"

# Put the last line in a second script:
echo "$TEMPRESULT3" | tail -n 1 >"path/to/second-script"

As far as I know negative line number is an extension of GNU head, if it is not available you must calculate the number of lines before executing it (total=$(echo "$TEMPRESULT3" | wc -l); all_but_least=$(expr $total - 1), then $all_but_least cna be passed as parameter to the first head command instead of -1).

After that, all you have to do is call these script the way you want. For instance, if I take the mysql syntax proposed by Benjamin B. it would be:

mysql < "path/to/first-script"
# 800 s. = 15 m.
sleep 800
mysql < "path/to/second-script"
  • This won't work because $TEMPRESULT3 holds a single line, all lines joined with a space. You'll need temporary IFS modification.
    – yaegashi
    Jun 7, 2015 at 4:32
  • @yaegashi: Did you tried this? What you say is true for echo $TEMPRESULT3 (without quotes, where each word composing $TEMPRESULT3 are considered as separate arguments for echo so spaces and line feeds are not preserved), not for echo "$TEMPRESULT3" (with double-quotes, where echo receives a single argument which is $TEMPRESULT3 actual value, multiple spaces and line feeds being preserved). Jun 7, 2015 at 10:22
  • Confirmed, you're right. In my tests I've dropped quotes and seen the result of IFS= && echo $TEMPRESULT3. Sorry for the noise...
    – yaegashi
    Jun 7, 2015 at 10:39
  • @yaegashi: No problem, it is useful to highlight such details which may be easily be missed by other readers :) Jun 7, 2015 at 10:41

You can write the output into a file an execute it as shell program like below:

sort -r ${TEMPRESULT2} | sed -e "s/^/DELETE BACKUP /g" | sed -e "s/$/ NOWARNING/g" > file.sh && chmod +x file.sh && sleep 15m && ./file.sh
  • How do you pause for 15 min. before running the last line?
    – yaegashi
    Jun 5, 2015 at 13:32
  • If you want to pause the script, you should use the sleep unix command, I just updated the script Jun 6, 2015 at 16:47
  • If you call two times the same script, it will just execute two times all the commands therein. Jun 6, 2015 at 21:26
  • thanks for the responses! i separated the 1st set of backups then the last full backup so there's no conflict with the pause... ^_^
    – willow
    Jun 8, 2015 at 9:02

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