I have installed xfonts-wqy in my newly installed Debian Jessie stable, by using the following command

 # aptitude search xfonts-wqy
 i  xfonts-wqy - WenQuanYi Bitmap Song CJK font for X

As you can see, the letter "i" before "xfonts-wqy - Wen..." tells us that the installation of xfonts-wqy is successful.

But when I list the font, there is nothing about WenQuanYi Bitmap Song, as you can see here:

[04/29/2015,10:49:53@~]$ fc-list |grep WenQuanYi
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/wqy/wqy-microhei.ttc: WenQuanYi Micro Hei,文泉驛微米黑,文泉驿微米黑:style=Regular
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/wqy/wqy-zenhei.ttc: WenQuanYi Zen Hei,文泉驛正黑,文泉驿正黑:style=Regular
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/wqy/wqy-zenhei.ttc: WenQuanYi Zen Hei Sharp,文泉驛點陣正黑,文泉驿点阵正黑:style=Regular
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/wqy/wqy-zenhei.ttc: WenQuanYi Zen Hei Mono,文泉驛等寬正黑,文泉驿等宽正黑:style=Regular
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/wqy/wqy-microhei.ttc: WenQuanYi Micro Hei Mono,文泉驛等寬微米黑,文泉驿等宽微米黑:style=Regular

So, my question is: Where is the font WenQuanYi Bitmap Song? And how can I use this font?

I also tried to reinstall xfonts-wqy several times, but the problem is still there.

Here is some information about my Debian Jessie:

[04/29/2015,10:46:36@~]$ uname -a
Linux debian 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt9-3~deb8u1 (2015-04-24) x86_64 GNU/Linux
[04/29/2015,10:54:06@~]$ mate-about -v
MATE Desktop Environment 1.8.1

Thanks a lot.

  • This won't help, but when I do the same on Debian 7.8, it works as expected. fc-list shows the .pcf fonts. So it's not you; maybe it's your system. Is there any setting that displays only outline fonts (i.e. ignoring bitmapped ones)?
    – Mr Lister
    Commented Apr 29, 2015 at 8:35
  • Actually before I upgrade to Debian Jessie, that is in Debian 7.8, all things went right. I could use WenQuanYi Bitmap Song. But when I upgrade to Debian several days ago, the problem occurs.
    – azc
    Commented Apr 29, 2015 at 8:50

1 Answer 1


The fonts are installed into /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc with filenames like wenquanyi_13px.pcf, but the question still remains as to why fc-list didn't find them there. When you installed xfonts-wqy, one of the things it should have said was Regenerating fonts cache... done. You can do this manually with more verbosity via the command fc-cache -vf and watch its output to see which directories it is checking. If it doesn't check X11, look into your fonts-conf files to make sure they haven't been changed (by you or a script) to make the directory search more specific---there should be something like <dir>/usr/share/fonts</dir> in one of the fonts-conf files (probably /etc/fonts/fonts.conf); if it only says /usr/share/fonts/truetype then that's the problem; in the worst case you might have to reset your fontconfig-config package and everything that depends on it.

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