I know how to gunzip a file to a selected location.

But when it comes to utilizing all CPU power, many consider pigz instead of gzip. So, the question is how do I unpigz (and untar) a *.tar.gz file to a specific directory?

  • superuser.com/questions/348205/…
    – PSkocik
    Apr 27, 2015 at 19:25
  • 1
    The -I (compression program) to tar might work. If it doesn't, you can decompress to stdin and untar the stdin stream with the -C switch or cd to the target directory.
    – PSkocik
    Apr 27, 2015 at 19:28

1 Answer 1


I found three solutions:

  1. With GNU tar, using the awesome -I option:

    tar -I pigz -xvf /path/to/archive.tar.gz -C /where/to/unpack/it/
  2. With a lot of Linux piping (a "geek way"):

    unpigz < /path/to/archive.tar.gz | tar -xvC /where/to/unpack/it/
  3. More portable (to other tar implementations):

    unpigz < /path/to/archive.tar.gz | (cd /where/to/unpack/it/ && tar xvf -)

(You can also replace tar xvf - with pax -r to make it POSIX-compliant, though not necessarily more portable on Linux-based systems.)

Credits go to @PSkocik for a proper direction, @Stéphane Chazelas for the 3rd variant and to the author of this answer.

  • As far as I can see, "tar -I" only works as a compression option. Also, pigz will only use a maximum of 2 cores while decompressing - it's not a parallel operation.
    – Simon B
    Jun 16, 2021 at 8:50

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