36

For example:

sed 's/\u0091//g' file1

Right now, I have to do hexdump to get hex number and put into sed as follows:

$ echo -ne '\u9991' | hexdump -C
00000000  e9 a6 91                                          |...|
00000003

And then:

$ sed 's/\xe9\xa6\x91//g' file1
31

Just use that syntax:

sed 's/馑//g' file1

Or in the escaped form:

sed "s/$(echo -ne '\u9991')//g" file1

(Note that older versions of Bash and some shells do not understand echo -e '\u9991', so check first.)

| improve this answer | |
  • 1
    Does sed count 馑 as one character or 3? That is, does echo 馑 | sed s/...// print anything? – user253751 Apr 17 '15 at 11:22
  • @immibis Since sed has the g modifier it replaces all occurence also when they follow each other. Also sed should count it as one character, see: echo -ne "馑" | wc -m gives 1. If you count the bytes (wc -c) it would return 3. Did I understand your question correctly? – chaos Apr 17 '15 at 11:28
  • I meant: does . mean "one character" or "one byte"? – user253751 Apr 17 '15 at 11:30
  • @immibis I matches one character hence echo 馑 | sed s/...// gives me (nothing is replaced) – chaos Apr 17 '15 at 11:33
  • 4
    @chaos: It works under en_US.UTF-8, but doesn't under C. – choroba Apr 17 '15 at 12:28
16

Perl can do that:

echo 汉典“馑”字的基本解释 | perl -CS -pe 's/\N{U+9991}/Jin/g'

-CS turns on UTF-8 for standard input, output and error.

| improve this answer | |
  • 8
    Perl can do almost anything..... – wobbily_col Apr 17 '15 at 10:49
  • @wobbily_col Maybe. But it's written in C. So..if Perl can do almost anything C as the foundation of Perl can do anything. As it should be. – Pryftan Jan 16 at 15:51
6

A number of versions of sed support Unicode:

  • Heirloom sed, which is based on "original Unix material".
  • GNU sed, which is its own codebase.
  • Plan 9 sed, which has been ported to Unix-like operating systems.

I couldn't find information on BSD sed, which I thought was strange, but I think the odds are good that it supports Unicode too. Unfortunately, there is no standard way to tell sed which encoding to use, so each one does this in its own ways.

| improve this answer | |
  • Do they support UTF-16 with and without BOM ? – Bon Ami Apr 17 '15 at 17:12
  • 10
    UTF-16 is pretty unusable in Unix-based OSes. It's also an abomination that should have never seen the light of day. – Brian Bi Apr 17 '15 at 19:11
  • Whether or not they support UTF-16 depends on the implementation, and I'm afraid I don't have that data. I doubt that Plan 9 sed does (the original OS is UTF-8 everywhere), but I can't be sure, and even if it doesn't, the others might. – The Spooniest Apr 17 '15 at 19:30
4

This works for me:

$ vim -nEs +'%s/\%u9991//g' +wq file1

It’s a drop more verbose than I’d like; here’s a full explanation:

  • -n disable vim swap file
  • -E Ex improved mode
  • -s silent mode
  • +'%s/\%u9991//g' execute the substitution command
  • +wq save and exit
| improve this answer | |
  • I suppose this modifies file1 in-place, is that correct? – gerrit Jan 10 '19 at 10:32
  • @gerrit that’s correct, and thanks for pointing it out. – Aryeh Leib Taurog Jan 10 '19 at 19:21
3

With recent versions of BASH, just omit the quotes around the sed expression and you can use BASH's escaped strings. Spaces within the sed expression or parts of the sed expression that might be interpreted by BASH as wildcards can be individually quoted.

$ echo "饥馑荐臻" | sed s/$'\u9991'//g
饥荐臻
| improve this answer | |
  • This should be the new accepted answer, simple and clean! – Allen Wang Nov 6 '19 at 22:28
1

Works for me with GNU sed (version 4.2.1):

$ echo -ne $'\u9991' | sed 's/\xe9\xa6\x91//g' | hexdump -C
$ echo -ne $'\u9991' | hexdump -C
00000000  e9 a6 91

(As another replacement for sed you could also use GNU awk; but it don't seem necessary.)

| improve this answer | |

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