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Within a bash script, I know I can check if a file is a symbolic link with the following syntax

if [ -L $path ]

Does any one know how I would test if that path was linked to a particular path? E.g. I want to check whether the target of $path is /some/where.

5
  • possible duplicate of How do I check if a file is a symbolic link to a directory?
    – A.B.
    Mar 24 '15 at 20:54
  • 2
    Do you mean linked to by a particular path? Couldn't you do a readlink on the known path and compare it against the path you're testing?
    – Bratchley
    Mar 24 '15 at 20:55
  • @Bratchley. Yes, that's what I meant.. thanks for the answer.
    – BillMan
    Mar 24 '15 at 20:57
  • 3
    I strongly urge you to always put shell variables in quotes (e.g., if [ -L "$path" ] ) unless you have a good reason not to and you're sure you know what you're doing. Mar 25 '15 at 0:02
  • @G-Man thanks for the great feedback.. subconsciously I know to do that, but forget it in practice.. the reinforcement helps.
    – BillMan
    Mar 25 '15 at 13:23
24

If you want to check whether $path is a symbolic link whose target is /some/where, you can use the readlink utility. It isn't POSIX, but it's available on many systems (GNU/Linux, BusyBox, *BSD, …).

if [ "$(readlink -- "$path")" = /some/where ]; then …

Note that this is an exact text comparison. If the target of the link is /some//where, or if it's where and the value of $path is /some/link, then the texts won't match.

Many versions of readlink support the option -f, which canonicalizes the path by expanding all symbolic links.

Many shells, including dash, ksh, bash and zsh, support the -ef operator in the test builtin to test whether two files are the same (hard links to the same file, after following symbolic links). This feature is also widely supported but not POSIX.

if [ "$path" -ef "/some/where" ]; then …
3
  • the first example does not work when the link points to a relative path...
    – inemanja
    Nov 4 '19 at 12:20
  • 1
    @inemanja Sure it does. But as I state, this is a text comparison. It treats different paths to the same target as different. If you want to test whether the target of a symbolic link is a particular file, rather than a particular path, use one of the methods I describe below. Nov 4 '19 at 12:46
  • It's not safe to treat file location as strings for that exact reason - the first example compares strings hence it shows that "/dir/file.txt" and "/dir/../dir/../dir/file.txt" are different files, and they are not. The second example is much more precise.
    – inemanja
    Jul 9 '20 at 15:42

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