I'm running CentOS in Linux text mode. When I run the command
ls /usr/, the output is too hard to read (dark blue on black). How can I change the text coloring?
If you are wanting to change your colours in the console, that is outside X, then you can specify colours in your
.bashrc, like so:
if [ "$TERM" = "linux" ]; then echo -en "\e]P0222222" #black echo -en "\e]P8222222" #darkgrey echo -en "\e]P1803232" #darkred .... fi
Where you are defining black as
#222222 See this post for the details: http://phraktured.net/linux-console-colors.html
If you are working in X, then you can customize your setup by defining your colours in your
.Xresources like so:
!black *color0: #3D3D3D *color8: #5E5E5E !red *color1: #8C4665 *color9: #BF4D80 ...
and then sourcing this file when you start X, typically from your
xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources
The Arch Wiki has a page on .Xresources that explains all of the options: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Xresources
Another enhancement you can make either in X or not is to specify all of the different filetypes that you would like to colour—and their respective colours in a
.dir_colors file, like so:
.xinitrc 01;31 .Xauthority 01;31 .Xmodmap 00;31 .Xresources 01;33 ...
To get started, copy
/etc/dir_colors to your user's
/home directory and make your changes. Then source this from your
eval $(dircolors -b ~/.dir_colors) This will allow you fine-grained control over the colours of files and filetypes when you use
You can find (an incredibly detailed and thorough)
.dir_colors example file here:
With a combination of all three approaches, you can create a reasonably uniform setup, whether you are working in the console or in X.
The file you want is
/etc/DIR_COLORS. I had the exact same issue as you and changed directories to a teal color. Works much nicer.
cp /etc/DIR_COLORS /home/yourusername/.dir_colors
/home/yourusername/.dir_colors, you will see this line:
DIR 01;34 #directory
Change that to this:
DIR 01;36 #directory
Which makes directory colors teal.