On my Solaris machine, I sometimes use the sum command to verify that a file has not changed. I now want to check whether a directory's contents have changed but sum only runs on files.

Is there a way to run sum or a similar command on an entire directory?

Example sum on a file:

$ sum  file.xml
27247 11 file.xml

Use tar to create tarball of directory and run sum on it then.

tar cf - <directory name> | sum -

  • md5sum not relevant in solaris - tar c folder | md5sum md5sum: Command not found. – maihabunash Mar 18 '15 at 12:18
  • Does using sum instead of md5sum help? – Milind Dumbare Mar 18 '15 at 12:20
  • Strange! Can you check sum file.xml once again – Milind Dumbare Mar 18 '15 at 12:28
  • 1
    no , what its work is that --> tar cf - <directory name> | sum – maihabunash Mar 18 '15 at 13:20
  • 3
    tar will also include ownership, permissions and timestamps, so unless you care about those (normally you wouldn't) this is a bad idea. – l0b0 Mar 18 '15 at 13:50

1) do a reference:

find . -type f -exec sum {} \; | sort -k3 > /my/reference.txt

2) do a run time check

find . -type f -exec sum {} \; | sort -k3 | diff /my/reference.txt -


  • sort -k3 do a sorting on file name
  • diff part will show file changed, added or deleted.
  • I very much prefer this solution of the other answers as it might not always be feasible to create a tarball of the directory/directories in questions, e.g. when disk space is a limiting factor. Although the diff gives you richer information of the changes, if you want to have a single sum as a result/reference, you can obviously pipe on the results of the sort commands to sum instead of saving them to a file. – inVader Mar 18 '15 at 13:36
  • This is better if you only care about the contents of the files. – l0b0 Mar 18 '15 at 13:50

On Solaris tar works differently. So either use gtar from GNU or use tar cf - and then the solution from Miline:

tar cf - folder | sum

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