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I was looking for some advice and examples on searching mail log effectively

Suppose situation is like this

-------- Forwarded Message --------
Subject: Fwd: Re: Notice of Allowance 
Date: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 16:02:17 +0530
From: Sachin Tendulkar <[email protected]>
To: Brett lee <[email protected]>
CC: 'Brian Lara' <[email protected]>

Now Problem is mail not received by recipient so I have to find out what's wrong and I can do that by grepping.

What I did is grep "from=<[email protected]>" /var/log/mail.log then again grepped the queue ids.

My question is: what would be most effective syntax to search for the exact mail or narrow down the search result as the command I used returned 83 results!

PS: Any link to some good materials on Searching Logs will also be very helpful.

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  • What do you mean by "search for the exact mail"? - If the recipient complains that the mail did not arrive, search for mails matching ^To: .*<recipient-address>. And if the sender complains, search for mails matching ^From: .*<sender-address>.
    – Janis
    Mar 17, 2015 at 16:33
  • @janis, Thanks for your prompt reply. I exactly did that and the again grepped the queue id in the mail log but in between 16:00 to 16:15 83 mails has been sent so I was wondering is there any way to search option can be more precise. since the mail had 3 recipients so was it possible to narrow down the search somehow?
    – Neel
    Mar 17, 2015 at 17:23
  • Really wondering whats the negative vote for? Is it a fashion here? Or only masters with huge rep can ask questions?
    – Neel
    Mar 17, 2015 at 17:35
  • I'm wondering myself as well. The reason may be that your question is not formulated clear enough. Though personally I don't think it's worth a downvote. IMO, a comment is more appropriate to give the poster a chance to edit his question.
    – Janis
    Mar 17, 2015 at 17:39
  • WRT your question in the other comment; it's still not clear enough what exactly you want. Maybe you can extend your question appropriately and supported by samples. Comment fields are not well suited for descriptions or non-trivial clarifications of the actual question.
    – Janis
    Mar 17, 2015 at 17:41

1 Answer 1

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You can use the idea from this thread on SF: Need help grepping postfix log.

First you should search all possible queue IDS matching your criteria. To do that you can use command

grep 'from=<[email protected]>' /var/log/maillog | cut -d ' ' -f 6

or

grep 'to=<[email protected]' /var/log/maillog | cut -d ' ' -f 6

Then you can use queue ID from the log to list all information based on queue ID

grep 'to=<[email protected]>' /var/log/maillog | cut -d ' ' -f 6 | grep -f - /var/log/maillog

Of course that will list all entry, if you need grep nrcpt=3 then pipe them.

grep 'to=<[email protected]' /var/log/maillog | cut -d ' ' -f 6 | grep -f - /var/log/maillog | grep nrcpt=3

Additional note:

The above email above only list address in email header. But, postfix only logs the envelope address.

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