I'm just trying to get up to speed with permissions in Linux. I've come across an example which uses -R when changing permissions and ownership of a directory.

What does the -R mean?

  • 9
    man chown or info chown or chown --help all contain your answer. Mar 2, 2015 at 0:10
  • 3
    What have you been doing to get up to speed. Where do you get your example from that includes usage without explanation?
    – Anthon
    Mar 2, 2015 at 8:42
  • 2
    hmm, my attempt to get the answer this morning (while still half asleep) was browsing around the internet for 10 minutes. Also I have just dusted off my linux / unix book from 1998 which I'm hoping will help! I take it I should have done a little bit more research myself before posting the question :-)
    – user20623
    Mar 2, 2015 at 9:13

1 Answer 1


From man chown

   -R, --recursive
          change files and directories recursively

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