On a git conflict, I can currently do:

git diff path/to/some/file.txt

... after reviewing the diff, usually I want to do:

git checkout --theirs path/to/some/file.txt && git add path/to/some/file.txt

It's painstaking to edit both paths each time, so I'd like to be able to do the following:

git checkout --theirs <ref> && git add path/to/some/file.txt

Where the <ref> refers to file.txt.

Any way to do this in bash?

  • 1
    f='path/to/some/file.txt'; git checkout --theirs "$f" && git add "$f" – Costas Feb 11 '15 at 12:57
  • You could use a history expansion maybe? git checkout --theirs path/to/some/file.txt && git add !#:3 (repeat the third [zero-indexed] word :3 from the current command line #) – steeldriver Feb 11 '15 at 13:19
  • 1
    With yank-last-arg: Alt+. (META and DOT keys) you can insert the last argument to the previous command so after running git diff path/to/some/file.txt you could just type git checkout --theirs hit Alt+. then type && git add and hit Alt+. again. – don_crissti Feb 11 '15 at 13:38
  • 1
    @don_crissti - bash, ksh93, and zsh put the same info in $_. – mikeserv Feb 11 '15 at 15:14

There are many ways.

You can use history expansion in (t)csh, bash or zsh. !$ expands to the last argument of the previous command line.

git checkout --theirs !$ && git add !$

Bash, ksh and zsh have a variable $_ which stores the last argument of the last simple command executed by the shell.

git checkout --theirs "$_" && git add "$_"

Bash and zsh have a keyboard shortcut Alt+. or ESC . which inserts the last argument of the previous command line.

git checkout --theirs Alt+. && git add Alt+.

You can stuff this in a function.

git_add_theirs () {
  if [ "$#" -eq 0 ]; then set -- "$_"; fi
  git checkout --theirs -- "$@" && git add -- "$@"

Or make that a standalone script and define an alias add-theirs = git_add_theirs in your ~/.gitconfig.

  • I prefer $_ to !$ as the latter inserts the filename into the bash history which is not good when you want to repeat the command sequence multiple times. – EoghanM Feb 12 '15 at 16:59

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