70

Is there anywhere you can download a manpage for every builtin commands?

I know you can just use help or man bash and search to find info about it, but I want them separated, so I can just do man read and get the read manpage.

4
  • 2
    It's not quite what you want, but on my Fedora 15 system, these are separated into separate man pages which reference a builtins (1) man page. This is still a big aggregate document, but at least it's just the builtins and not everything to do with bash.
    – mattdm
    Aug 4 '11 at 20:45
  • 2
    Doesn't work in Mac OS X
    – Tyilo
    Aug 4 '11 at 20:49
  • Nor does man builtins work on linux mint.
    – suspectus
    Jan 29 '14 at 11:04
  • 3
    If all that you need is to know about a built in, Just use help <BuiltinName> -- Hope it helps those people like me annoyed on the failure of man and info with famous builtins. E.g. help command to know about the great yet less used command command. Finally as the question also hints, the help alone simply lists all possible builtins. (Verified on Ubuntu 16.04). Nov 26 '16 at 5:13
65
help read
help read | less

In zsh:

run-help read

or type read something and press M-h (i.e. Alt+h or ESC h).

If you want to have a single man command so as not to need to know whether the command is a built-in, define this function in your ~/.bashrc:

man () {
  case "$(type -t "$1"):$1" in
    builtin:*) help "$1" | "${PAGER:-less}";;     # built-in
    *[[?*]*) help "$1" | "${PAGER:-less}";;       # pattern
    *) command -p man "$@";;  # something else, presumed to be an external command
                              # or options for the man command or a section number
  esac
}
7
  • type -t gives and empty string for a pattern. How does this work? *[[?*]* ?
    – balki
    Aug 24 '11 at 16:17
  • @balki type looks up an exact name. I don't think there's a way to look up a pattern, short of having a hard-coded list of built-ins and doing some complicated parsing of the output of alias, typeset -f and $PATH lookups. Aug 24 '11 at 16:23
  • @spex No, I meant “i.e.”. It's followed by a complete list, not by some examples. Jun 1 '17 at 20:05
  • @Gilles your list is not exhaustive and not universal, they are examples, thus e.g.
    – spex
    Jun 1 '17 at 21:51
  • 2
    Actually, help set and run-help set, all present exactly the same as man here! So this is no solution. Note I am using zsh.
    – rugk
    Jan 23 '19 at 15:22
38

Try this:

bashman () { man bash | less -p "^       $1 "; }

You may have to hit n a couple of times to get to the actual command instead of a paragraph that happens to have the command name as the first word.

Explanation: this pipes the entire output of man bash, i.e. bash's entire man page (which is a huge document, and has subsections explaining each bash builtin command) to the reading program less. less' -p flag stands for "pattern"; what it does is automatically scroll to the first point in the input text that matches the pattern. The pattern here is a regex which matches "The start of a line (^), followed by a specific number of spaces, followed by ..." – and here, bash inserts the first argument provided to the bashman function, because bash sees the special $1 token (which means "the first argument") in a string delimited with double-quotes (single quotes would tell bash that you literally mean the characters $1). So, if you run bashman cd, you will effectively be searching for any line in bash's man page with starts with a bunch of spaces, then the string "cd". Because there might be other points in bash's entire man page that also match this pattern besides the actual heading of the section that explains, eg., "cd", this function may not actually take you to the correct part of the bash man page.

5
  • Good idea. Not what I think Tyilo wants, but I'm not convinced I got that right. Aug 4 '11 at 23:32
  • 2
    Works perfect! Adding a space after $1 makes it better
    – Tyilo
    Aug 4 '11 at 23:35
  • 2
    You can also use LESS=-p"^ $1 " man bash. That way, you're not stripping any escape sequences.
    – user26112
    Jul 23 '13 at 1:03
  • You can also create a function that wraps around the original man function: function man() { local binman=/usr/bin/man; if ! $binman $1 &>/dev/null; then echo "No man entry for \"$1\"."; elif $binman bind | grep "BSD General Commands Manual" &>/dev/null; then LESS=-p"^ $1 " $binman bash; else $binman $1; fi; }.
    – Luke Davis
    Mar 16 '18 at 4:44
  • As I've explained here too this often does not work. As you stated, you often get to "a paragraph that happens to have the command name as the first word". As such, this question is not completely answered…
    – rugk
    Jan 23 '19 at 15:23

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