I would appreciate, if anybody can help me.

1) I am trying to build kernel module for Ubuntu sever using dkms. Detailed manual is here.

2) When It is building module using this syntax:

sudo dkms build -m ixgbevf -v 2.15.3

it says, that some kernel headers are missing:

Kernel preparation unnecessary for this kernel.  Skipping...

Building module:
cleaning build area....(bad exit status: 2)
cd src/; make BUILD_KERNEL=....(bad exit status: 2)
ERROR (dkms apport): binary package for ixgbevf: 2.15.3 not found
Error! Bad return status for module build on kernel: 3.13.0-36-generic (x86_64)
Consult /var/lib/dkms/ixgbevf/2.15.3/build/make.log for more information.

3) Log file: /var/lib/dkms/ixgbevf/2.15.3/build/make.log:

DKMS make.log for ixgbevf-2.15.3 for kernel 3.13.0-36-generic (x86_64)
Tue Dec 23 09:27:47 UTC 2014
Makefile:64: *** Kernel header files not in any of the expected locations.
Makefile:65: *** Install the appropriate kernel development package, e.g.
Makefile:66: *** kernel-devel, for building kernel modules and try again.  Stop.

4) I have headers here:


And cpp -v shows:

#include <...> search starts here:

If you need more information, I will provide you immediately. Thanks.

--- Added info ---

1) dpkg -l | grep linux-headers shows:

ii  linux-headers-3.13.0-36          3.13.0-36.63                         all          Header files related to Linux kernel version 3.13.0
ii  linux-headers-3.13.0-36-generic  3.13.0-36.63                         amd64        Linux kernel headers for version 3.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
ii  linux-headers-generic                           amd64        Generic Linux kernel headers
ii  linux-headers-virtual                           amd64        Transitional package.

2) Output info of dpkg -l | grep linux-image

ii  linux-image-3.13.0-36-generic    3.13.0-36.63                         amd64        Linux kernel image for version 3.13.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP
ii  linux-image-virtual                             amd64        This package will always depend on the latest minimal generic kernel image.

3) Output of uname -a

Linux ip-10-0-3-11 3.13.0-36-generic #63-Ubuntu SMP Wed Sep 3 21:30:07 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

4) The link to sources of ixgbevf module is here.

  • Please give the output of dpkg -l | grep linux-header and dpkg -l | grep linux-image. In the question, not in a comment. Also, module-assistant (m-a) is an alternative you could try. It has an interactive curses interface. Dec 24, 2014 at 8:01
  • Done, Please, take a look. Dec 24, 2014 at 8:32
  • Also add the output of uname -a. Are you running a stock kernel (i.e. one built and shipped by your distribution). I'd suggest giving m-a a try as well. Dec 24, 2014 at 8:46
  • Do you mean to try m-a instead of dkms? I guess, it is stock kernel, Ubuntu 14.04, from Amazon Marketplace. I added uname, version is 3.13.0-36 Dec 24, 2014 at 9:21
  • Yes, m-a. I don't see anything obviously wrong with what you are doing, but I always use m-a, which is a bit more manual. Give it a try and post the results in your question if it fails too. To start with just type m-a and use the interactive menu. Dec 24, 2014 at 9:56

2 Answers 2


There is a patch released for Ubuntu14.04 https://gist.github.com/cdgraff/1c31727901e5c76d5ea8

I can confirm it's working:

root@ip-172-31-119-53:~# modinfo ixgbevf
filename:       /lib/modules/3.13.0-45-generic/updates/dkms/ixgbevf.ko
version:        2.16.1
license:        GPL
description:    Intel(R) 10 Gigabit Virtual Function Network Driver
author:         Intel Corporation, <[email protected]>
srcversion:     3F8AACF779F38FD444B1CD3
alias:          pci:v00008086d00001515sv*sd*bc*sc*i*
alias:          pci:v00008086d000010EDsv*sd*bc*sc*i*
vermagic:       3.13.0-45-generic SMP mod_unload modversions 
parm:           InterruptThrottleRate:Maximum interrupts per second, per    vector, (956-488281, 0=off, 1=dynamic), default 1 (array of int)

So, Finally, I have managed to install driver ixgbevf v. 2.15.3 for kernel version 3.13.0-43.

But, there are some important points:

  1. First of all, I tried to use make to build it manually and got the same result:

    Makefile:64: *** Kernel header files not in any of the expected locations.
    Makefile:65: *** Install the appropriate kernel development package, e.g.
    Makefile:66: *** kernel-devel, for building kernel modules and try again.  Stop.
  2. Secondly, I ran apt-get upgrade and apt-get dist-upgrade to update kernel from 3.13.0-36 to 3.13.0-43, and reboot machine after, to update kernel. Details are here. It installed kernel headers for 3.13.0-43 as well.

  3. Thirdly, I had to change dkms.conf configuration file, like here:

    MAKE="make -C src/ KERNELDIR=/lib/modules/${kernelver}/build"
    CLEAN="make -C src/ clean"

After that, It was able to build driver. If you have the same problem and need help, feel free to contact me. @Faheem Mitha, Thanks a lot for your helping.

  • Worked for me with ixgbevf v2.16.4 as a patch to following the AWS guide @ docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/… Mar 22, 2016 at 12:25
  • What did you change in the dkms.conf file? The original is not shown.
    – mchid
    Feb 3, 2022 at 0:54
  • I won't remember now, most probably the package and module name, version and src/dest locations. Feb 3, 2022 at 15:11

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