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Is it safe to use tar even if there are some characters other than ASCII printable characters?

For example, Japanese characters, Chinese characters, newline character etc.

Are there any known problems that might make tarball extraction fail if using special characters?

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    Have a read of superuser.com/questions/60379/… - it may help. – garethTheRed Dec 1 '14 at 14:18
  • @garethTheRed - that answer might apply to GNU tar - which does not encode anything but sparse files - but a POSIX tar/pax will encode files as UTF-8 or not at all and record its type as BINARY. And a POSIX tar/pax does allow for changing a charset, anyway. – mikeserv Dec 1 '14 at 16:05
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    @mikeserv - I thought the link gave a good overview of issues with tar that's all - @Sys' answer covered the POSIX option. The OP has tagged this as linux and the CentOS 7 and Ubuntu 14.04 boxes I run both show tar --show-defaults still as --format=gnu, therefore there is a very good chance that the OP will be using tar in GNU mode by default. Thanks for mentioning pax by the way - never really looked at it before :-) Time for some reading... – garethTheRed Dec 1 '14 at 16:32
  • @garethTheRed - all very good points. I mean to ask a question about pax soon - the features listed here are really friggin cool - but I've yet to actually find a pax that supports them - or all of them - especially the -o listop=.... The closest I've come, actually, is GNU tar and modified headers with --format=posix --pax-option=... - but still not listop... sigh. The POSIX pax description is among the best - reading it was enough for me to do this. – mikeserv Dec 1 '14 at 16:38
  • Related: unix.stackexchange.com/questions/228234/… – Incnis Mrsi Sep 17 '15 at 10:24
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You can of course read the source of tar to check for yourself.

Simply put, tar does no interpretation of the byte sequence that make up a filename. Just like the kernel, it treats it as an abstract sequence of bytes. So it is 'safe', in the sense that usable files will be extracted.

In the environment where the files are unpacked, then user tools may interpret the filenames as different characters; that's always an issue with changing locales, and not specific to the transport (tar, NFS, FTP, ...).

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