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I used mail, its exit status is zero but the recepient is not receiving any mail. What could be the problem?

I used this code:

mylinsystem:/etc/mail # mail -v -s "test" test_user@receipient_domain.com </tmp/txt
test_user@receipient_domain.com... Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com ESMTP Sendmail 8.13.6/8.13.6/SuSE Linux 0.8; Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:25:47 +0530
>>> EHLO mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com
250-mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com Hello localhost [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> MAIL From:<root@mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com> SIZE=228
250 2.1.0 <root@mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<test_user@receipient_domain.com>
>>> DATA
250 2.1.5 <test_user@receipient_domain.com>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
250 2.0.0 sAQItljm015768 Message accepted for delivery
test_user@receipient_domain.com... Sent (sAQItljm015768 Message accepted for delivery)
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 mylinsystem.receipient_domain.com closing connection
mylinsystem

If run mailq then I see the following message:

sAPLEEcO028725    14849 Wed Nov 26 02:44 <usr@mylinsystem.domain.com>
                 (Deferred: Connection timed out with [163.181.51.401])
                                         <test_user@receipient_domain.com>
  • Connection timed out with [163.181.51.401]) Is that a copy-paste error, or something more sinister? – fkraiem Nov 27 '14 at 11:25
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mail's exit status refers to local processing only. It means: "This mail has been accepted bei the local MTA." It cannot say anything about the success of delivering the mail as that has not even been tried at this point.

  • Thanks. Why delivering is not yet attempted. Can you please point out something so that i can invetigate in that direction. Thanks for your help. – user120969 Nov 27 '14 at 9:16
  • 1
    It's how mail works. mail is sent to one server, then another, and another, till it reaches the end. If you want to check that it's 'leaving' you end check /var/log/mail.log (or similar) en.kioskea.net/contents/116-how-email-works-mta-mda-mua has good info. – coteyr Nov 27 '14 at 9:41

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